Episode 11 of Ka Leo ʻŌiwi will help you understand
possessives in Hawaiian.
Listen and watch the Hawaiian language video from
time segment [5:40] to [11:50] to understand possessives.
Two Classes of Possessives, Kino ʻŌ and Kino ʻĀ
In Hawaiian there are two classes of possessives, (Kino ʻŌ and Kino ʻĀ). Kino ʻŌ items ,in general, are things you do not have control over in terms of creating them like your ancestors, parents, siblings, and body parts.
Things that you possess for the purpose of wearing them, or primarily to be situated in, on, under, behind, or in front of are also kino ʻŌ , like clothes, shelter, buildings, time, land, and modes of transportation.
All the other items, those that you have the ability to create or choose are Kino ʻĀ . Like your spouse, your children, food, your job, and other things you create like songs you write, or art you make.