https://www.duolingo.com/JackHorne

Pronunciation of word-final "г"

I've been learning Russian for about 7 months both on Duolingo and with a tutor. Something I've noticed is that my tutor often pronounces "г" like "х" at the end of words, so "мог" gets pronounced like "мох" and "книг" like "кних" etc. but she doesn't correct my pronunciation when I pronounce them as they're written (she's normally very strict on my pronunciation). She also often pronounces it like a very soft 'h' at the beginning of words and sometimes in other places when she's speaking quickly (so "голова" gets pronounced "halava" instead of "galava"). Is this the standard way to pronounce these words? She's from Ukraine but is a native speaker of Russian.

June 14, 2019

12 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98

in Ukraine and Southern Russia many people pronounce г as h

June 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/slogger

That is a regional accent (as has already been said). More important for a fairly standard accent, they say, is devoicing of voiced consonants at the end of words.

June 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/RolloAd

It is correct. In some countries such as Ukraine and Belarus some people, not all, do that! :)

June 14, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/diliyecik

It could be a devoicing of consonants in Russian.
Letter 'г' sometimes corresponds to sound [к] or [х].
Basic rules are here.
Some additional rules for clusters of words: 1 and 2.
BTW you can also find out a transcription of a Russian word here.

It could also be a Ukrainian accent.
Compare pronunciation of гора in Russian and in Ukrainian.
In Russian г is pronounced as the sound [g].
In Ukrainian г is pronounced as the sound [ɦ].
The sound [ɦ] doesn't exist in Russian.

June 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/mortificator

In Ukrainian there is two sounds "г" - [g] & [ɦ].

June 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98

rather г is [ɦ] and ґ is [g]

June 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/mortificator

Exactly, but I wrote about sound, not letters.

June 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/Aleksandro_RU

In "official" Russian pronunciation final "г" should be [к]. Except the word "Бог", which should be pronounced as [бох].

But yes, in southern regions they say [х], and even if "г" is [г] (as in "книга"), they pronounce a consonant, which is "loud [x]"

June 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/olga248831

It depends how you want to speak, like a resident of a city or village. Example : Mikhail Gorbachev spoke Russian as a villager, but this did not prevent him from becoming president. :) "Of mixed Russian and Ukrainian heritage, Gorbachev was born in Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai to a poor peasant family. In his youth he operated combine harvesters on a collective farm."

June 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/mortificator

It depends how you want to speak, like a resident of a city or village.

Residents of villages (or cities) in the north of Russia and in the south speak different. There are several regional models of pronounciation in any big country.

June 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/olga248831

"At the beginning of the 20th century, the Moscow pronunciation, preserved in ancient Moscow families, was considered an exemplary Russian pronunciation. However, by that time, it became clear that this pronunciation was lagging behind life in many respects, and later, with the diffusion and migration of ethnic groups to Moscow, it became archaic for her. Therefore, new ones are created every day, the old norms in orthoepy disappear and change. Life itself, a vibrant language and a changing culture have an impact on this process. In modern Russian orthoepy, there are “older” and “younger” norms in the pronunciation of individual sounds, sound combinations, words and their forms. The “older” norm preserves the peculiarities of the Old Moscow pronunciation. The "younger" norm reflects the characteristics of modern literary pronunciation."

Может быть Вам будет интересно http://gramota.ru/biblio/research/variants/ :)

June 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/mortificator

В Украине говорят иначе. Да и в самой России есть несколько крупных диалектов (например, на юге страны господствует украинский диалект).

  • Что - что/што/чё/шо

  • Булочная - булочная/булошная

  • Коричневый - коричневый/коришневый

Неактивные звонкие согласные звуки б, в, г, д, ж, з, ч редуцируются в п, ф, к/х, т, ш, с, ш. Это норма русского языка. Безударные гласные тоже изменяются.

Пишем "здравствуйте" - читаем "дрась"...

June 14, 2019
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