If I'am not mistaken "zu gehen" means "to leave" here. According to this "zu" means "to".
Not really. "to leave" is simply "gehen". The word "zu" is required when the sentence has two main (non-modal and non-auxiliary) verbs. Here: sein (bist) + gehen.
Ich gehe - I go (1 verb - no problem)
Ich muss gehen - I need to go (1 main verb and 1 modal verb - no problem)
Ich werde gehen - I will go (1 main verb and 1 auxiliary verb - no problem)
Ich versuche zu gehen - I try to go (2 main verbs - zu is required)
In fact, the word that requires a preposition here is "bereit", not "sein". As in English, we can have "bereit zu" = 'ready to' (+ noun) or "bereit für" = 'ready for' (+ verb):
- "Seid ihr bereit zu spielen?" = 'Are you ready to play?';
- "Seid ihr bereit für ein Spiel? = 'Are you ready for a game?';
- "Seid ihr dazu bereit?" = 'Are you ready (to do it)?';
- "Seid ihr dafür bereit?" = 'Are you ready for that?'.
But the equivalence is not strict:
- "Ich bin zu allem bereit" = 'I'm ready for anything'.
But verlassen is to leave, for example, wir muss verlassen jetze! (We must leave now) why use zu gehen over verlassen?
In this case, "aus" is not a separable prefix but a regular preposition. "ausgehen" is intransitive.
ausgehen = to go out [in the evening]
aus [a location in the dative case] gehen = to leave [a location]
@christian: Could the following be a valid translation for "Bist du bereit aus dem Haus zu gehen?" : "Are you ready to get out of the house?" ?
Is it necessary to write that sentence in that order (which I would translate to "Are you ready from the house to go") or could I say "Bist du bereit zu gehen aus dem Haus"?
Please anyone...!! reply to the above post, I can't figure it out why the word order is in such a way
That's what I typed too, then I realized "aus" was the crucial word I missed here. "Out," meaning we're leaving the house. Not to mention, I think "nach Hause" would have been part of the sentence if we were going home.
I can understand at all, why the sentence is at it is... After "bist du bereit" why this is the word order?
Bist du bereit - are you ready, aus dem Haus - from the house, zu gehen - to go.
Are you ready from the house to go?