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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AkaKerm

Rule to use estas

Estas seems to be the word that I misuse too often. Where can I find a clear and concise website, book, podcast, or video that can explain not only the how and not to use of estas, but that of other grammar rules? Komencanto nivelilo.

June 15, 2019

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RobertoKin9

"Esti" has a few uses:

  • Link description to subject: Mi estas sana, Ŝi estas instruisto, etc.
  • Used with participles for "complex" tenses: Li estos dirinta al mi la veron, Mi estas amata, etc.
  • To show existence or presence of subject (which is usually put last): Hodiaŭ estas sabato, Sen regalo ne estas balo, etc.
  • To show location or situation: Mi estas en ĝardeno, La tranĉiloj kuŝas sur la tablo, Ĉiam la infanoj estis kune, etc.

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

Ahakerm - I would love to see some examples of when you have tried to use estas wrong. Where do you have trouble? Statements? Questions? Knowing a little bit more, it might be easier to give advice.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AkaKerm

Pardonu, mi estas malfrua. (Hope got that right)

I practice on cell during breaks. Hard to get to online version.

Duo asks: The dog is happy, because it is going to the park. Min: La hundo estas felicxa, cxar gi estas iras al parko. duo corrects: La hundo estas felicxa, cxar gi iras al parko

Duo: I am happy Min: M felicxa Duo correction: Mi estas felicxa.

Duo asks: The tire baby is sleeping. Min: La laca bebo estas dormas. Duo corrects: La laca bebo dormas.

Duo asks: Sofia, is the cake delicious? Min: Sofia, cxu la kuko bongusta? Duo corrects: Sofia, cxu la kuko estas bungusta?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Simon802251

If I understand you rightly, you want to know where to use esti and not a different verb that more efficiently describes the action and avoids directly translating the English present continuous tense?

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