Arabic Word of the Day 54#
Hey! Today I'm going to introduce you to the second way of converting to future tense! Yesterday we looked at the first way, so let's begin with a recap before we move on:
We simply use the word "sawfa" before the verb and we're done:
"Sawfa amshee" = I will walk = "Amshee" means "I walk/I am walking", and "sawfa" before the verb converts it to future tense! If you would like to check out that post, here is the link [https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/32672490] Hope you enjoy it!
Now to the 2nd way:
This way is more advanced [it isn't harder no worries!]. It just shows that you are fluent in your Arabic; it is better. It is also much more commonly used, and using our 1st way, makes you sound more like a "robot" [if that makes sense]. So basically, it would be great if you guys can remember and apply the second way:
Add "sa" to the beginning of the verb. If the verb begins with an "a" [alif], then make sure to add a slight pause [I'll show you in a sec]
So here are two verbs that don’t start with “alif”:
يصنع = “Yas^na3” = He makes [new word!] / He is making
تسأل = “Tas’al” = She asks [she is asking] / You ask [You are asking]
- Take a moment to take a guesstimate on what they’d become using the 2nd way before you look at the answer below. Congrats if you’ve got it right! ;D
سيصنع = “Sayas^na3” = He will make/ He is going to make – Make sure you pronounce “sa” and “yas^na3” separately. So don’t pronounce it “say” “asna3”, it should be “sa” “yasna3”. Don’t add a pause, just pronounce separately
ستسأل = “Satas’al” = She will ask [she is going to ask] / You will ask [You are going to ask] – Same here. Make sure you pronounce “sa” and “tas’al” separately. Because, technically, “Sa” is a shortened version of “Sawfa”, it’s a bit like apostrophes in English.
- Now we should already know from previous lessons that whenever a verb starts with “alif” the subject is “I” [aka: yourself]. Remember, in Arabic the beginning of a verb tells us who is the subject. So the verbs that will start with “alif” will always be about yourself. Here’s a verb that starts with “alif”:
أشرب = “Ashrab” = I drink / I am drinking
- It becomes:
سأشرب = “Sa’ashrab” = I will drink/ I am going to drink – So all you do is add a short pause [not too long] between “Sa” and “Ashrab” because there’ll be a double a if we don’t.
- Simple! So just remember this, I dare say, equation:
“Sa” + “Verb” = Future Tense
- So to finish off, we’ll have a few example sentences:
سأذهب إلى الملعب = “Sa’ath’hab ila almal3ab” = I will go to the stadium
سنتعاون = “Sanata3aawan” = We will co-operate [new word!]
Your Turn! Here are some exercises if you wish:
- Challenge [For Clever Beginners – I’m sure that’s all of you!]:
سيلعب أمجد كرة القدم مع أصدقائه = “Sayal3ab Amjad kurat alq^adam ma3a as^diq^aa’ih” = ? [Can you figure it out using past lessons?]
- Super Challenge [For BTEC Arabs]:
سيستمع عندما يفوت الأوان = “Sayastami3 3indamaa yafoot al’awaan” = ? [Be honest with me! ;p]
- If you complete one, comment below! ;D
Thanks for Reading! Any Qs, Proof-reading, Suggestions or Possible Improvements, please comment below! Have a Nice Evening Everyone! Hope you enjoyed today’s lesson :D
- Mmm I smell spaghetti ;3 Nom nom
Sassy do you have exams? If so i wanted to know how it is, because next year we will have exams.... and this potato who killed S.C.A.R.L wants to know how it works.
Do you do GCSEs? :o [just wondering before I ramble on about it, cus if you don't then yours will be different]
What is GCSES? Sorry i am going on secondary School so I don’t have clue here :/
So you're going to start secondary school? OK so basically, you know SATs? GCSEs are basically a MUCH bigger version of SATs and to move on to college you must at least pass those exams. You've got grades which are from 9- 1. U is the lowest possible grade, it's basically Ungraded [no grade] and 1 is the next up, and so on until grade 9 which is the Max. A grade 4 is a standard pass [a rubbish pass, but is still a pass], grade 5 is a good pass.
But anyways, you'll get told when it's time. Since you haven't started secondary, it shouldn't matter as GCSEs only start in yr9. In y7 and y8 you do topic tests and they're not really important. Once you reach y9, you choose 3 subjects you want to do for your GCSEs and English, Maths and Science are compulsory.
Bonjour. How are u on this terribly windy day? You decided to do it early today. Well done!
Challenge one: He will play football with his friends(Something like that probably got it wrong ;p)
Challenge two: He will listen when it's too late??? Something I do all the time.
BTEC Arab arrived lol XD
C1 : Amjad will play football with his friends [you're basically right]
C2: Well Done! ;D
I'm doing fine on this terribly rainy day ;p Thanks! ;)
Yes! The sun shone brightly so I ran to take a shower - cus yeah why not on an amazingly sunny.... rain hammers down! :o [sigh]
I wish some of England’s rain would come down to North Carolina. It hasn’t rained in about 3 weeks here and it haz been so hot and dry!
I want some warmth!!! Let's swap? All my relatives were complaining cus the last week began to blast at 46C for them and we're here depressed by the constant rain :L
Lol! True! The real problem is that the electricity cuts a lot, so they have no fans and the shower doesn't work XD I can have a shower any day just open the window ;p
It's been windy and about 20 degrees(so hot) and I think rain clouds are gonna come.
Well it wasn't cold [quite warm] but it was raining so bad! So it was pointless ;l
I live in the South-East of England. Noone can find me
I'm just waiting for a financial crisis to make the houses cheaper. What goes up, must always come down. Right?
I expected you'd live somewhere in the East cus it rains less there ;p I live in the West. Oops! Exposed Lol ;D
Yeah well London is expensive for no reason lol
I currently know a few people in England, my cousin got married and moved to England(London) with her husband, and I also know a couple who lives in the south of England. I also met a very interesting musician from England once...(that was scary!)
So...Sa+Verb=Future tense? (I hope I understood correctly I feel almost brain dead today LOL)
P.S Enjoy the spaghetti! I love pasta!
Yep! That's the second way of doing future tense. The first is "sawfa" + verb = future tense
PS: it turned out to be pasta... but they taste exactly the same to me so ya! ;p