https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SamDavidRoberts

A little help please. PlAcc Hungarian rules????

I need a little help with the many rules and exceptions that is Hungarian. For example: The word "Actors" can be translated to szineszok & szineszoket. Both are plural. But what is the rule i need to apply to differentiate them? My wife is Hungarian and can't explain it to me :P

Thank you for the help in advance.

Sam

June 19, 2019

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Judit294350

For accusative (direct object of a verb) you add -t, sometimes with a linking vowel. (And your linking vowel for plural is wrong. This is a front vowel word so use "e")

A színészek kenyeret esznek. (The actors eat bread. "színészek" is nominative plural - it is what is doing the eating. "kenyeret" is accusative - it is what is being eaten.)

A medve színészeket eszik. (The bear eats actors. "medve " is nominative - it is what is doing the eating. "színészeket " is accusative plural - it is what is being eaten.)

June 20, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HirundoPrima

Actors is "színészek", the accusative is formed with the -et ending: "színészeket".

Actresses is "színésznők", the accusative has the same ending: "színésznőket".

June 20, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mark1504

The one ending in -et is the accusative form. e.g. A szineszoket varom (I am waiting for the actors)

I'm not an expert in Hungarian, just another diak, but I'm pretty sure.

June 19, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Judit294350

"színészeket" not "szineszoket" (vowel harmony)

June 20, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SusanRankin1

Hungarian is really complicated isn't it? I am so enjoying learning it but I feel your pain! More advanced people: If I am wrong about this, please CORRECT ME.

The difference between actress and actor is "no" singular and plural is "ek" and making it into the direct object is "et" So "szinesz" is actor Szineszok is actors and szineszno is actress szinesznok is actresses ALL as subjects. If you add et to ANY of them they become the direct object.

June 24, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Judit294350

Vowel harmony! See above.

(And to make things more complicated o and ó are back vowels and do use –ok while ö and ő are front vowels and use –et. Those "little marks" are very important. (On a phone leave your finger there for a while; on a PC try Alt+162 for ó, Alt+148 for ö, and Alt+228 for õ – which isn’t the right vowel but closer than plain.)

June 24, 2019
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