https://www.duolingo.com/807561

tercer, tercero, tercera

807561
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How do I know which to use for "third"? (I believe it is the same case for "first")

4 years ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Thakelo
Thakelo
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Yes, this applies to "first" and "third", so I will only make examples with "third".

The feminine is easy because you always use the same, as long as there is a feminine thing you are talking about (explicitly or implicitly)

tercer , tercera

You use these when talking about a specific noun, and you place it right in front of it.

'Llegué en tercer lugar'

'La tercera persona en llegar fue él'.

'La tercera cosa que quiero decir es la siguiente...' ("the third thing I want to say is the following...")

tercero, tercera

You use these when the noun/subject is implicit.

'Llegué tercero/a (depending on the gender of the speaker)'

'Ella fue la tercera'

'Él fue el tercero'

'Él salió tercero' (same as last sentence, but 'tercero' doesn't require a definite article because it's not a noun in this sentence).

'Lo tercero que quiero decir es lo siguiente...' (Also "the third thing I want to say is the following..." but it's completely abstract, which is why you use the masculine version, unlike before when I used 'la cosa')

The same happens with primer/primero/primera. For every other number, you only have to choose between the masculine and feminine form (e.g. segundo/a, cuarto/a, quinto/a, etc).

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FelixGV1

So basically, “tercer” is an adjective and “tercero” is a noun?

For the feminine, the noun and adjective are both “tercera”.

Or is that too simplistic or somehow inaccurate?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/807561
807561
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Thanks, that helps a lot!

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/evaestrellita71

Me too... I'm as confused as youare so I'm giving you one lingot.

1 month ago
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