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Korean grammar part 1

  1. Support from subject - 이 / - 가: Attached after the noun, the pronoun for the pronoun is the subject in the sentence. "- 이" is attached after pronouns, nouns with patchim at the last syllable, "- 가" is attached after pronouns, nouns without patchim at the last syllable.

가방 이 있어요. 모자 가 있어요.

  1. Support from subject - 은 / 는: The aid of the subject "- 이 / 가" is used to specify the subject in the sentence, "은 / 는" is used only for the subject with emphasis, or compared with another subject ... "- 는" after the pronouns, nouns without the patchim at the last syllable, "- 은" is attached after pronouns, nouns with patchim at the last syllable.

이것이 연필 이에요. 이것은 연필 이에요.

한국말 이 재미 있어요. 한국말 은 재미 있어요.

  1. Korean grammar goes back to the end of the sentence: a. word tail- ㅂ 니다 / 습니다 (narrative sentence): This is an ending word that shows respect, solemnity, and respect.

  2. When the last sound of the original verb does not have patchim: + ㅂ 니다

  3. When the last sound of the original verb word has patchim: + 습니다

For example:

  • 가다: go. When removing the tail - - we will have the verb root 가 -. Original verb 가 - no patchim + ㅂ 니다 -> 갑니다.
  • 먹다: eat. When removing the tail - - we will have the verb root 먹 -. Original verb 먹 - has patchim + 습니다 -> 먹 습니다.

Similarly, we have:

이다 (is) -> 입니다. 아니다 (not that) -> 아닙니다. 예쁘다 (beautiful) -> 예쁩니다. 웃다 (laugh) -> 웃 습니다.

b. Word tail - ㅂ 니까 / 습니까? (question): This is also an ending word that shows respect, solemnity, and respect. How to combine with the same verb / adjective item a.

  • When the last sound of the original verb does not have patchim + ㅂ 니까?
  • When the last word of the verb root has patchim + 습니까?

c. Word tail - 아 / 어 / 여요: This is a more friendly word tail 습니다 / 습니까 but retains the respectful and respectful meaning. The following articles will mention this word in more detail. When in doubt, just add a question mark (?) In the writing and the last sentence in the sentence says that the sentence will become a question.

  1. The structure of the sentence "A 은 / 는 B 이다" or "A 이 / 가 B 이다" (A is B) and the verb "이다": "is" "이다" is always written with a noun that it incorporates, when the pronunciation is continuous, between the noun and "이다". When combined with the ending from the end of the sentence - ㅂ 니다 / 습니다 it will be "B 입니다".

When combined with the ending of the sentence - 아 / 어 / 여요, it will be in the form of "- 예요" and "- 이에요". "- 예요" is used when the ending sound of the noun that it incorporates without patchim, and "- 이에요" is used when the ending sound of the noun it incorporates has patchim.

For example:

안나 + - 예요 -> 안나 예요. 책상 + - 이에요 -> 책상 이에요.

The negative sentence structure of the verb "이다" is "A 은 / 는 B 이 / 가 아니다" or "A 이 / 가 B 이 / 가 아니다".

  • 아니다 + - ㅂ 니다 / 습니다 -> 아닙니다.
  • 아니다 + - 아 / 어 / 여요 -> 아니예요.

For example:

  • 제가 호주 사람 이에요. 제가 호주 사람 이 아니예요.
  • 제가 호주 사람 이에요. 저는 호주 사람 이 아니예요.

  • Definition of 이, 그, 저 + noun: (noun) this / that / other: "분": person, taste (honorific of 사람) 이분: this person, this person 그분: that person 저분: the other

June 25, 2019

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Thanks for the grammar! I really needed that!

June 25, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MopasMipy

Topic -> Korean from English

GL with your Korean :D

June 25, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lrtward

Could you please edit your discussion and change the topic from "Duolingo" to "Korean"? Most folks here in the general forum aren't studying Korean, so it's just noise here. But it could be very helpful to Korean learners!

June 25, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/baobaoheo

ok you

June 25, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Iridium-193

고맙습니다!

June 26, 2019
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