https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AinePoilin

How to use "go"?

Could anyone give me a 'child friendly' explanation of how to use "go" in Irish? I understand it to mean "to, with" and I have tried to figure out how to use it via Duolingo and Google, but it still keeps popping up in sentences where I do not expect it to.

Thanks a million!

June 26, 2019

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/galaxyrocker

go has several meanings. It can be 'to', as you mentioned (go dtí with a definite article), but it can also be a conjunction meaning 'that', as well as being used to make an adjective into an adverb (think English 'ly').

June 26, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AinePoilin

Thank you very much for your response! When used as a conjunction ("that..."), does that mean you could say "deir an fear go bhfuil áthas air"? Or would you have to use atá?

June 27, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SatharnPHL
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fear a bhfuil áthas air - "a man that is happy"/"a man who is happy"
deir an fear go bhfuil áthas air - "the man says that he is happy"
feicim an t-áthas atá ar an bhfear - "I see how happy the man is" (more literally "I see the joy that is on the man")

"that" is complicated .....

June 27, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/galaxyrocker

You can use Deir an fear go bhfuil áthas air, but that would mean "The man says that he is happy". It's used to introduce what is known as indirect speech.

June 27, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

If you’re comfortable with use of a dictionary (to allow you to distill its information for child-friendly comprehension), you can find definitions and examples of the several go words in Irish here.

June 26, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AinePoilin

Thank you for the link, it is slowly starting to make a bit more sense. English is not my native language, so I'm now actually learning a foreign language through another foreign language, which is not ideal...

June 27, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scilling

May I ask what your native language is? (Your English in this discussion has been flawless.) If something is unclear in an English definition or example, perhaps someone might be able to offer an equivalent in your native language.

June 27, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AinePoilin

Thank you! My native language is Dutch. My English is quite good in daily (social) situations, but using it to learn another language is proving challenging :)

June 29, 2019
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