Does مُتَرجِم decline (change) depending if you're talking about a female translator vs male translator? For example, I was looking at the table in https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%85%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%AC%D9%85 and it doesn't seem to change. I'm not sure though.
If the translator is female how would we call her? What are the gender forms when referring to a noun?
But why is the letter "j" pronounced so soft, shouldn't it be much more sharper? It should be like letter "g" in the word "stranGe" even sharper?
yes, in MSA the standard ج is a hard one like in 'George'/'strange'.
The course seems overall to have a soft ج like in 'bonjour', and that is not MSA, but more dialectical (Levantine).
Infact there is a whole other borrowed (nonstandard) Arabic letter for writing a Levantine ج but that is a different story...
The letter ج is indeed pronounced like the G in "stranGe". The problem with this audio is that the ت is being pronounced like a ط which is wrong.
Will in this example, the letter "ج" reminds me more to the "J" in Turkish, or to the French "J" in BonJour." But I may be wrong, maybe it should go that way. It's, in the Qur'an that letter is pronounced the other way, and as Arabic and the Qur'an use the same language I thought they should be pronounced the same way, but looks like I am wrong. May someone give me something useful on this article?
Yes, it's pronounced like the "J" in "BonJour". If you've heard it pronounced any other way, that would be a non-standard pronunciation.
Both Qur'an and standard Arabic are pronounced the same, ج in arabic is like c in Turkish not j
Looks like it depends from region to region. There is a long article on Wikipedia about that letter: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D8%AC Anyway I will stick to the pronouncation as the Arabs pronounce it from the Qur'an which exists more than 1400 years (eg. Turkish letter "C"), so if I ever were about to speak Arabic, Arabians would understand me. Probably Arabs in the meanwhile were about to europeanize their language so that letter declined to the French letter "J" :D