I'm confused by the DL efforts to transliterate Arabic because it's not the same as academic transliteration for Semitic languages. Using numbers, for instance, to represent letters is interesting but confusing to me. To add to the confusion, the way the letters are pronounced in DL does not always correspond to whatever letter is being assigned. I'm OK with gh for ghain / غ. It's not like French R. Here's a video in which a guy discusses pronouncing the ghain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tTxesEluPWQ Here is Maha giving a lesson on ghain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0ro6b50-Lk [follow-up: I now see what you mean about French R. I had forgotten about that connection. https://forum.wordreference.com/threads/arabic-%D8%BA-vs-french-r.649464/ Pronouncing Chartres is indeed difficult for English speakers comparable to ghain. Thanks for the reminder.]
Again, your reply is much appreciated. It didn't have a REPLY option, so I hope you see this message anyway. I'd be interested to know why you say غ "isn't like French R". It sounds at least very similar to me. Could you tell me why you think it isn't like it? Oh, and is there an accepted academic of transliterating the Arabic abjad (we mustn't call it alphabet, must we?)?
For some reason I only saw your 7-month old reply just now. Thank you for the lingot and for calling my question a fine one, but mostly for making me read Arabic more carefully. I've been at it almost a year, and feel ashamed at how inept I still am at deciphering it. Huh. So one is Hassan, and the other should be Ghassaan, innit. ("innit" isn't an affectation. I think it's a useful addition to the vocabulary of English. We haven't got an equivalent of the French "n'est-ce pas?".)
Duolingo has "tips and notes", but only when you use desktop / webversion.
For this lesson: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/ar/Youandme/tips-and-notes
"Well, in Arabic, yes/no questions begin with the word هَل (hal). هَل doesn’t have a translation in English — it just means, “hey, I’m a yes/no question!” هَل you ready for this?"