How do you know where to put the stress? I can't see why America is pronounced Ame'rica (as in Costa Rica)
I think it's because there is no vowel on م, so "amriikaa" is only three syllables, and the accent would fall on the long ii which is the second to last syllable.
*next to last, penult syllable
Cause its not one singular "i" there's "ii" so that sound is said longer and more emphasized
Does the 2 add or change anything?, I'm reading it as if it dosen't add anything
İt is a letter by itself and it's called HAMZA. İt has its own sound also...
"مِن" is like "men"? but long
No, "men" would be written as مَن with a fatha َ on the م and that would mean "who".
"Who are you?" = مَن أنت؟
To pronounce مِن correctly, just pronounce the first 3 letters of Minnesota (a state in the U.S.) and you'd be spot on :-)
Does any word beginning with Alif should have hamza?
no. it depends on the word.
Is it transliterated as 2Amriikaa?
Yes. You don't need to capitalize the "a", though.