The Arabic alphabet does not have a 'P', so P-sounds are written with the same letter as B-sounds: ب
This is different from the Persian alphabet, which uses similar letters, but has added the P (پ), G (گ) , CH (چ), and ZJ (ژ).
Yes but to be fair, you are taking the English-Arabic course, not the Spanish-Arabic course. I have nothing against you using "Perú, but obviously they are not going to program non-English characters into the English-Arabic course.
Yes , In Arabic, the sound ي is similar to i and e in English, in the Arabic pronunciations they don't focus on the pronunciation of ي because they don't have another letter that resembles, like in English, in Arabic only ي = is equivalent to i and e in English