https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Arabic Word of the Day 68# [Journey in Arabia 10# - Libya Facts!]

Hey everyone! Tonight, we’re going to take a quick visit to a country in North Africa called Libya. Unfortunately, it seems that these kind of countries get totally rejected by the internet, so it was difficult to find good facts, but here’s what I’ve got for you:

1# Libya stretches along the northeast coast of Africa between Tunisia and Algeria on the west and Egypt on the east; to the south are the Sudan, Chad, and Niger.

2# It is one-sixth larger than Alaska. Much of the country lies within the Sahara. Along the Mediterranean coast and farther inland is arable plateau land.

3# Leptis Magna– Excavated in the 1920’s this World Heritage site is a magnificently preserved Roman city dating back to the 10 Century BC. You can clearly make out public monuments, a harbour, market-place, storehouses, shops and residential districts. The ruins cover a very large area and if you enjoy archaeology you’ll probably want to spend at least half a day here (bring water!).

4# Another important UNESCO site in the Acaucus Mountains features rock art dating back to 12,000 BC. The paintings and carvings at this site depict giraffes, ostriches, elephants, camels, as well as humans and horses.

5# Libya is home to some of the most pristine and impressive Roman ruins on earth. The Sahara desert is also spectacular, with incredible dunes, oases towns, and magical lakes.

6# Cyrene– Originally founded by the Greeks in 630 BC, Cyrene later became an important Roman city and now a wonderful archaeological site for visitors to enjoy. Ancient Greek temples and statues are very well preserved and offer a unique glimpse into ancient Greece in Africa.

7# Ghadames– a real Saharan jewel of an ancient city. White-washed walls and covered streets keep things nice and cool as you explore the rooftops and alleys in this architecturally, fascinating town. Most of the residents have left the old town, but return during the hot summer months to their original homes. Make sure to get a guide, unless you enjoy getting lost. A festival in September is worth planning a trip around.

8# Tripoli – a modern capital city, Tripoli is the gateway to explore Libya and the arrival point for most visitors. It has a very busy port and is the headquarters for most international businesses operating out of Libya. The old medina and the excellent Jamahiriya Museum are highlights for visitors.

9# Benghazi–Libya’s second city and more “laid back” than Tripoli. Lots of decent shops, bazaars and cafe’s make it a pleasant place to spend a few days and stroll around. The beaches are good nearby and the city is architecturally pleasing as well.

10# Gharyanand Nalut – If you are interested in examples of traditional Berber homes (similar to those in Southern Tunisia), then both Nalut and Gharyan are good places to visit. Nalut offers traditional Berber Ksar with lots of Ghurfas (granaries) and interesting nooks and crannies to explore, all built on an escarpment with great views. Gharyan offers a good example of Troglodyte dwellings, basically stone caves, carved out of the mountains, now uninhabited.

11# Libyans are non-confrontational, and saving face is important. They may avoid disagreeing with you or saying “no” to save you from losing face.

12# Libya has undertaken one of the world’s biggest ever water projects, called ‘Great Manmade River Project. It is designed to carry vast quantities of sub-Saharan water to the coastal regions for irrigation, industry and drinking. On completion it is expected to carry five to six million cubic meters of water every day. A total length of 3,380 kilometers of four-meter diameter pipe will finally be installed, and the entire length will be wrapped in reinforcing wire. If laid out in a line, this reinforcing wire would circle the Earth two hundred and thirty times.

13# More than ninety five percent of Libya is desert. This desert is called the Sahara, which not surprisingly is an Arabic word, meaning ‘desert’. Saying “Sahara Desert” is really tautology as it actually means “desert desert [in fact, it is pronounced “sahraa’” but ok]

14# The Sahara is the world’s largest desert, and is about the size of the USA. It forms a major part of the landscape of eleven countries. The Sahara is not all sand however. There are large areas of gravel, clay and rock, and several mountain ranges.

15# An important Biblical character came from a Libyan city, and his name is Simon of Cyrene. Cyrene occupies a prominent position high on an escarpment overlooking the Mediterranean Sea and the coastal plain. It is close to the modern city of Derna.

16# If any Libyan wanted to start a farm, they were given a house, farm land, and livestock and seeds all free of charge.

17# A bursary was given to mothers with new born babies. When a Libyan woman gave birth, she was given 5000 US dollars for herself and the child

18# Electricity was free in Libya meaning absolutely no electric bills! [highlight the “was” they don’t even have electricity now XD]

19# Libya was the only country in the world to have a bank owned by the state meaning they were able to give loans to citizens at zero percent interest by law and they had no external debt.

20# The solid-green colour flag was used by Libya from 1969 till the time Gaddafi was overthrown in 2011. It was the only national flag in the world which had one single colour.

21# Libya had only one King in its entire history. Idris was king of the country from 1951- 1969 as well as the head of the Senussi Muslim order. In 1969, his regime was defeated by Gaddafi.

22# The first inhabitants of Libya were Berber tribes [Amazighs]. The seafaring Phoenicians established trading relations with the Berbers and other peoples in the area and exported goods such as olive oil, ivory, animals, and wine to the rest of the Mediterranean and Africa.

23# Horse races are popular in Libya, and they are a part of some traditional celebrations. Car racing is also very popular. At one time, Tripoli was a stop on the Grand Prix tour.

24# Libyan folk art and architecture use the traditional Islamic art motifs such as floral or vegetative designs and calligraphy expressed in various media such as leather, metal, stone, and embroidery.

25# Libyan cuisine is a mixture of Mediterranean, African, Berber and a bit of Italian influences. Common ingredients are olives, dates, milk, lamb, chicken, and grains such as couscous. Tea is often served after meals and sometimes roasted almonds or peanuts are mixed into the tea. Alcohol consumption is illegal.

26# Libyans are warm and enthusiastic people. They shake hands upon greeting and maintain the handshake as long as the verbal greetings last.

27# Meals are prepared by the women of the household and served to guests by the young men of the household. Food is served on long low tables, tall enough to allow guests to sit cross legged and to belly up to the edge.

28# Within Africa, Libya has the longest Mediterranean coastline, and is home to many beaches.

29# Cyrene was an ancient Greek and Roman city near present-day Shahhat, Libya. It was the oldest and most important of the five Greek cities in the region. It gave eastern Libya the classical name Cyrenaica that it has retained to modern times. Since 1982, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

30# One of the most spectacular sights in Libya is Tripoli’s massive Red Castle, set on an island adjacent to the shore. Built in the 16th century on the site of a Roman military encampment, it was the seat of power for Ottoman conquerors.

31# Ghadamès, known as ‘the pearl of the desert’, stands in an oasis. It is one of the oldest pre-Saharan cities and an outstanding example of a traditional settlement.

32# The Economy of Libya depends primarily upon revenues from the petroleum sector, which contributes practically all export earnings and 80% of GDP. These oil revenues and a small population have given Libya the highest nominal per capita GDP in Africa.

33# Libya is a large country with a relatively small population, and the population is concentrated very narrowly along the coast.

34# The hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth’s surface was 58°C (136°F) in El Aziziya, Libya recorded in 1922.

35# One of the most popular Libyan dishes is Bazin, an unleavened bread prepared with barley, water and salt. [Bread? What is wrong with these people? It’s not bread guys!]

36# A famous character in Arab history is the Libyan, Omar al Mukhtar. He fought for his country when Italy were invading Libya. A movie was re-acted on this brave old man, giving him the title “Lion of the Desert”. He was even honoured by his opponents B) [oh and btw obviously the movie wasn’t created by Libyans – that’d be an achievement XD Libyans paid for Americans [I think] to make this movie. It was even dubbed into Hindi and Tamil]

That was quite a lot actually ;p Anyways! I hope you’ve enjoyed this lesson, tomorrow might be a more interesting one… Going further south I think! Have a great day Cya guys tomorrow! :D

If you want to watch something, I recommend this video on Libya [and I also recommend this series]:

[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TBEfVYBohzc]

July 2, 2019

46 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ThE_oNe_MaStEr

Beautifully written. So you're Libyan then?

July 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Yeah I thought I was until I read the facts 26# and 11# XD Libyans really aren't always like that tbh. They're more like the jokey but insulting type of people. But they always insult themselves too so that it's fair and square.

July 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

I found my people then LOL (I try to behave myself on the forums) but in real life I have the same humor.

July 2, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Ohh I thought you were the mature kind of ppl ;p

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Mature kind of people?

Well...I can be “mature” when needed but at home...Heck no! XD

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

I can imagine you wearing a suit at home XD

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Wow! You guys start early. America is like 5 -6 (I think) and at 7 that is when an average kid can start reading (our education system is really messed up!) My parents always put education to be the most important thing in our household they made me start basic school things and reading by 3

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Ughh...I hate suits!

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

I can't be mature, even when I try to be I look like a child drinking tea with his dolls :,(

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Do kids have school uniform in the USA? :o

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

In the U.S in the public schools, they didn’t wear school uniforms, but if you went to a private, military, charter, or a Christian school then probably yes.

TBH Public schools and Christian schools (at least where I live aren’t that great as far as education) that is why in the U.S charter and military schools and homeschooling (if it is done correctly) have became a very popular option.

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Well we have to wear school uniform public or not :( Walking around in ties [used for hanging yourself in English class] and blazer so that you look like a penguin. That starts since you leave nursery [aka: 4 yrs old] [kindergarten in American?]

So unfair! And the real problem is, is that it doesn't even look good at least! Like even Libyan school uniform looks better! [finally Libya is good at something XD]

Talking about Libya being good at something... I was watching a clip yesterday and it was titled "What every country in the world is good at", and naturally I skipped forward to Libya cus yeah why not. And I was surprised ot find Libya even on the list cus Libya is always rejected in everything so I was excited to find out! I pressed play and it said....

"Libya has the most dangerous roads in the world"

Oh we're so talented aren't we? -.-

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Yep! Prison since 3 yrs old. LOL my parents are extra too ;p They always made me do things ahead of the time but they couldn't teach me the piano when I was a kid could they?! :( Like I was looking at this 3yr old girl playing the piano like a pro! I'm desperate to play it but I guess Asians are the piano masters ;p [that girl was Asian...]

Oh yeah! I also watched this video when these Welsh kids go to a school in South Korea cus S Korea has one of the top five positions in education. They start school at 8am and finish at 10pm and if they want to stay for extra curricular they stay till 12pm! LIKE WTF?! Anyways, the Welsh kids ended up sleeping in class lol. They also made the S Korean kids do a Welsh GCSE [an exam] and basically it was meant to be 2h long but they gave them 1h, and they finished it in 15mins! They said t was primary school stuff XD They just got wrecked! XDD

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

I liked these facts! still far from Somalia ;)

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

My pain is too deep that it cannot be described in words.

It has to be described in a gif.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

XD When Andres gets something wrong...^

Also, is that Harry Potter? [I've never watched it to know, but I feel like it reminds me of it... but then who's that weirdo standing behind him? :p IDK]

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Prophetess Sassy LOL!!!

That meme brings back a bad childhood memory XD

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Fights at school usually end up like this. Someone restraining the stronger person as the weaker one runs away.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Well... When I was 11 or 12 I was walking near woods at a public place and it was at night. And these two people came behind me and one choked my neck and restrained my arms and the other took my legs where I couldn’t move (I was panicking by this point because I didn’t know who they were right then) So the only option I had to get away was to use my teeth LOL so I bited as hard as I could, and then I heard “one of my friends” scream. LOL

(Some friends, right?)

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

What were you even doing there at night? Hmm? :p That's your fault! I'm not even allowed out of the house after school except to go to the shops and buy onions!

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

I can’t remember all the details but it was like a get together with a large group of people (and me and my family were cleaning up after) there was nobody else there besides me and my family and a couple (the rest had already went home I thought.) but for some reason my two friends came back.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

HAH me too =(

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Actually me and the other two people are really good friends to this day LOL

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

I haven't seen my old friends for AGES! They've probably forgotten me XD

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

they are from Libya?

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

That's why we avoid fake friends mate.

That's traumatising tho. I would have been scarred for the rest of my life. I'm now scared someone's gonna stab me in the back[it's happened before but not to me].

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

You frightened me man! Now I can't step out the house cause they will come for me.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

No, I've never been to Libya... except a few times when I was smaller so yeah, I don't really have friends that are Libyan :'p And tbh I've never met a Libyan in England except when I went to this Libyan Arabic school that closed down [thank god] after a few years. It was crap and almost the whole school were practically boys. Almost all the ppl who went there were annoying especially the teachers!

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

XD[Stops breathing and dies] RIP JK

Yup it's Harry Potter but I'm not a fan. The books are too long and they're in small print. How do you expect braces girl who needs glasses to read that?

IDK either. Searched up angry sad gif and I found this somewhere. ;p

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Lol that's so true! I mean the books are bigger than me XD Though I've read two or three and they're ok.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

LOL not too big!

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

OH I didn't watch it, but I read it last summer, it is awesome!

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

I've got most the Harry Potter series in my house but the problem is that I'm not into wizards and magic and all that type of stuff.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

you don't need to be XD I LOVE FICTIONAL BOOKS, although I didn't read many, you like reading?

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

I love reading. Anything from murder to romance.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

UGH I hate romance! since I read a very famous romantic Arabic novel DX I love Agatha Christie's novels!

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

I prefer action and mystery and no to romance! YUK

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

I like reading for Tamer Ibrahim, he writes horror novels, you ?

July 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

LOL Ruwayda! XD Also, are you a "mali" or a "lander"... or do you not mind either? :p

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

I'm proud to be a true "mali". Never been a "lander", never will. ;p

A classic question all Somalis ask each other. XD

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

;p well they do get vexed when you call them the wrong "country" [is it even on the map? I didn't even know it existed until I started secondary tbh ... Don't hate me for that! XD I have a mali friend and a lander friend...and they're both best friends :D ]

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

I won't get angry. It's okay. ^-^[looks at the gif at the top and can start to relate]

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Plz don't call Sousou on me! [I already have my science teacher chasing after me for the overdue hmwk ;p She tried to phone home... they have my mum's old phone number XD Sassy 1, Miss Grant 0 ;p weird names

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

HMM I think I read my name somewhere.... HMM...

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

I might. Who knows.[hehehehhe ;p] Who knows Sassy.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Hehe! I don't know what you're talking about honey! ;p I think you're mistaken! Check again :3 I'm innocent

July 4, 2019
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