https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Arabic Word of the Day 69# [Journey in Arabia 11# - Mauritania Facts!]

Hola! Today we’re going to jump to the letter M meaning we should be flying South to a country called Mauritania. If you didn’t even know it existed, I suggest you read on ;) :

  1. The country gets its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century B.C. to the 7th century in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria.

  2. About 90% of Mauritania’s land is within the Sahara, while the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher.

  3. The capital and biggest city in Nouakchott, which is located on the Atlantic coast and is home to around one third of the country’s 4.3 million people.

  4. About 20% of Mauritanian live on less than $1.25 per day.

  5. Mauritania suffers from several human rights issues, including slavery, as at least 4% of the population are enslaves.

  6. Mauritania was the last country to legally abolish slavery. It only became punishable by law in 2007.

  7. Mauritania’s terrain is generally a flat plain with occasional ridges and cliff-like outcroppings.

  8. Kediet ej Jill at 915 meters, or 3,002 feet, above sea level is the highest peak in Mauritania. The mountain and its surrounding area are rich in iron deposits. Due to the magnetic field, compasses can’t function on the mountain.

  9. Mauritania has 754 kilometres, or 468 miles, of coastline. It’s coast is essentially one long sandy beach that’s almost devoid of any vegetation, but supports a massive amount of birds.

  10. The Banc d’Arguin National Park is one of Mauritania’s top attractions. Fringing the Atlantic coast, the park comprises sand-dunes, coastal swamps, small islands and shallow coastal waters. It’s a major breeding site for migratory birds.

  11. The Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata are founded in the 11th and 12th centuries to serve the caravans crossing the Sahara. These trading and religious centres became focal points of Islamic culture.

  12. Port de Peche is a colourful and buzzing boardwalk and fishing port on the west side of Nouakchott. Hundreds of local men drag pounds of nets from their sailing vessels onto the short to the fish mongers, who skilfully fillet the catches to sell at the nearby market.

  13. Mosque Saudique is a mosque in Nouakchott. The mosque was built from Saudi funding.

  14. The Richat Structure, which is also known as the Eye of the Sahara and Guelb er Richat, is a prominent circular feature in the Sahara near Ouadane. From space, this natural wonder forms a distinct and unmistakable bulls-eye that once served as a geographical landmark for early astronauts as they passed over the Sahara.

  15. In the Middle Ages, Mauritania was the cradle of the powerful Almoravid dynasty, which spread Islam across North Africa and later controlled Islamic Spain.

  16. French colonization, at the beginning of the 20th century, brought legal prohibitions against slavery and an end to inter-clan warfare.

  17. The majority of the population depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though most of the nomads and many subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s.

  18. The nation’s coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world, but over exploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue.

  19. Oil was discovered in Mauritania in 2001 in the offshore Chinguetti field. Although the discovery was significant for the Mauritanian economy, its overall influence is difficult to predict.

  20. The country’s first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. In recent years, drought and economic mismanagement have resulted in a build-up of foreign debt.

  21. The predominant spoken languages in Mauritania are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof and French, which is widely used in the media and among the educated classes. Modern Standard Arabic is the official language.

  22. Mauritania is nearly 100% Muslim, with most inhabitants adhering to the Sunni denomination.

  23. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Nouakchott, founded in 1965, serves the 4,500 Catholics in Mauritania, which are mostly foreign residents from West Africa and Europe.

  24. The obesity rate among Mauritanian women is high, perhaps in part due to the traditional standards of beauty in which obese women are considered beautiful while thin women are considered sickly. [A fat person must’ve introduced this idea tbh]

  25. Since 1999, all teaching in the first year of primary school is in Modern Standard Arabic. French is introduced in the second year and is used to teach all scientific courses.

  26. Mauritania gained its independence from France on Nov. 28, 1960, and was admitted to the United Nations in 1961. (Having once been a French colony, Mauritannia’s education system has been heavily influenced by the francophone system which is still prevalent today even after its independence.)

  27. The capital of Mauritania is Nouakchott, which means “place of the winds.”

  28. If you look at Mauritania from space, you can see a clear bull’s-eye-like image called “The Eye of Africa.” It looks quite cool.

  29. Mauritania’s Bay of Nouadhibou, hides one of the biggest ships cemeteries in the world. There are more than 300 wrecks from all nations beached permanently on its shores.

  30. One of the longest trains in the world is found in Mauritania. It measures almost three kilometres long.

  31. The people of the fishing village of Nouamghar use dolphins to drive shoals of migrating fish towards the shore and their nets.

  32. Mauritania’s tallest mountain, the 915-meter-tall Mount Ijill, is made almost entirely of magnetite, a form of iron ore.

  33. In 2007, Messaoud Ould Boulkheir, a former slave, was elected as president of Mauritania’s National Assembly.

  34. In Mauritania, it is said that the size of a woman indicates the amount of space she occupies in her husband’s heart [ XD if I ever get overweight in my life, I’ll go to Mauritania]

  35. Many houses have colourful traditional pillows and mats, teapots, trays, and carpets. Mattresses are placed along the walls with traditional pillows. Houses are crowded because of strong family bonds. An urban house normally is open to relatives and friends.

  36. In this extremely traditional society, belonging to a group is very important, and the larger the group, the better. People use clan names rather than family names. [Sassy clan ;p]

That’s it for today everyone! If you enjoyed this post, you might like to check out this video:

[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTDxrzELzmU] Enjoy!

Have a great evening everyone! See you guys tomorrow when we’ll be looking at a well-known country in Arabia. Can you guess? :D

July 3, 2019

39 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Point 15 "In the Middle Ages, Mauritania was the cradle of the powerful Almoravid dynasty, which spread Islam across North Africa and later controlled Islamic Spain." Did a test on Islamic Spain on Tuesday. It was so hard. They built some beautiful things like[goes online]...........

Al Hamra in Granada.

Well known country. Hmmmmmmmm.......... Morocco?

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Wow that looks awesome! :D I need to see that in real life! Thanks for the picture Ruwayda ;p

Yep, Morocco it is! ;D

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Morocco's a nice place. Truly amazing[considering it's the only place outside London that I've been ever since I was 10 XD].

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

I've never been to Morocco, but I know it's a great visit! I'd be glad to go there any day! The last place outside [insert city] I've been to was last year actually... but it was still in England! We went to Cumbria [up North] and I'll be honest, it was terrible except for the boat trip in Lake District which was awesome and the McDonalds by the beach. other than that, it rained almost everyday, and the beds that me and my sis got stuck on were horrible [it had metal bits sticking out and stabbing your back]. Also, there was no wifi and the apartment stank of old pensioners! I mean c'mon! Everyone was looking at us like "YELLOW PEOPLE!" [cus they've never seen coloured people] I only saw 1 black guy on the whole trip which lasted two weeks. [I'm not exactly yellow, but in comparison to them I probably was]

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

You're afraid I'm gonna find you innit? JK

I say I live in London openly because London's big. Like really big. Traffic jams big. Like HUGE.

Even I thought I was yellow back in year 1. I'm a light brown. ^-^

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

How am I meant to guess that? Blackpool? It's obvious I really don't know anywhere and I'll fail Geography.

Yeah it's nice I guess. Too many stabbings though. Back in April,yeah, this 17 year old was stabbed at the other end of the estate. The police still haven't caught the men behind it.

Other than that, London's very nice. Easy transport, nice views[considering that I live in a well off area ^-^].

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Blackpool? Like where even is that? XD Ok I'll give you another clue: It's the first city in the UK to have won a Green City award

Well apparently my city is the 2nd safest city in the UK... it's safe from criminals, but what about Sousous? ;p

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Knew it! You give off Bristol vibes. How is it like in Bristol? I know little about it. XD

Sousou's gonna get you man and eat you up. JK but if she got the chance she would ;p .

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

I just don't want Sousou to find me XD Big Hint: My city is famous for hot air balloons... got it? :D

Is London nice? :) My city is congested for no reason tbh it's not even big :L

Well i'm not yellow, I'm pale but I get tanned quickly. Just everyone there were fair and pure British.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Oh thx Ru-chan for guessing the place! This makes things easier B3

Nana! Sassy, You shouldn't think you're safe, I could be in your room any time! I would be on your sister's bed (of course after I eat her) you'll say: Oh sis why are your teeth bigger? I'll jump off the bed and say: To eat you HAHAHA

July 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Searching in Google Maps...

July 19, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

LOL I only just realised you guessed it right now XD Luckily Sousou doesn't know where Bristol is :D

July 19, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

I never meant to left Algeria T-T

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

That almost looks like the Alhambra in Granada Spain

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

It is! XD

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Well you spelt it "Alhamra" it's how Andres spelt it I think

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Yep I did. It's definitely the way Andres wrote it.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

I LOVE the Alhambra! It is a fortress/palace located on a hill (I think it has three parts) it has many fountains, and inside the walls (In Arabic) it says something like “God is the winner” that is only a few facts about that awesome place.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

No, I have never visited the Alhambra, but I really want to

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

I have no idea how they built it.

Going to the Alhambra is my dream vacation.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

You've been! Lucky. I wanna go. :(

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

How was this even built a thousand years ago? It's too pretty and gorgeous.

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Charming! 0.0

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Take me with you XD

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

24.The obesity rate among Mauritanian women is high, perhaps in part due to the traditional standards of beauty in which obese women are considered beautiful while thin women are considered sickly. [A fat person must’ve introduced this idea tbh]

I watched a documentary on this. Apparently a fat woman has a big place in a man's heart while the thin one has a small place.

People start fattening their kids up at around 4 using milk and cheese. ^-^

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Wow! With us if you're overweight don't even expect to get looked at let alone married XD I like their thought ;p

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

OH I like the fact of people fatten their kids!

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

I like the fact that being fat is a trend. That means they can eat all they want and still be in style. :o

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Yeah XD eat without any remorse XD (I never used to be on style)

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Yep all that chicken.

I've never been in style either. I'll wear whatever I want, whenever I want. ^-^

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Idk. I like being alone but I do talk to people. XD

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Ah chicken! I love it!

Me too! XD that's why nobody likes me XD

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Phew! Sousou's found chicken as a new victim :p

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

It's okay sousou. I'm here for you because I'm pretty lonely as well[kind of in a way].

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Why would you be lonely? You're so kind!

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

me too! I prefer being alone =)

July 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

3 just 4 M population?!

July 3, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

The capital has 4M which is a third of the whole population aka: 12M. [that's double my country so I can't say anything] Wow Algeria has a population of 40 M + @_@ Your population is around 7 times bigger than mine XD

July 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Yes! I was surprised to know this +_+

July 4, 2019
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