Manžel/ka vs muž/žena

Is there any difference in usage between the two versions of husband/wife? Which is more common?

July 5, 2019


Manžel/ka can be used only as husband/wife

Muž/žena can be used both as husband/wife and man/woman.

In both cases you have to use a pronoun, in case muž/žena even more so. "můj muž" = my husband (literaly "my man"), "jeho žena" = his wife (lit. "his woman"), "její manžel" = her husband, "tvoje manželka" = your wife

In common speech it is more used muž/žena, manžel/ka is used in more official occasions, but the difference is basically non-existent.

July 5, 2019

i'd say that the pronoun is unnecessary when it is clearly implied whose spouse are you talking about
t. CZ native

July 5, 2019

Thank you, your explanation was really helpful.

July 5, 2019
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