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  5. "كَراجِك جَديد يا سامْية."

"كَراجِك جَديد يا سامْية."

Translation:Your garage is new, Samia.

July 6, 2019



Why is the "ya" necessary before the name?


This was covered several lessons ago. When speaking directly TO a person, add the "ya" before their name. In really old-time English it would be said something like: "Your house is big, O Mary." You only use it when speaking TO that person, not ABOUT them.


So if I want to say "your new garage", it should be "karaajik jadiidik", right?


Not quite. "Your new garage" would be "كَراجِك الجَديد", that is, you have to add a definite article "al-" before the adjective.


Thank you for your speedy reply! So may I summarize that whenever I want to use an adjective to modify a noun that is not indefinite, I have to add a definite article to the adjective?


Firstly, "your garage" is definite, i.e. if you add an indefinite noun to a pronoun, it becomes definite. Now, about the adjectives - I'll explain it by using a few examples. "A new garage" in Arabic would be "كَراج جَديد" (neither the noun, nor the adjective takes the definite article), "the new garage" would be "الكَراج الجَديد" (both, the noun and the adjective are preceded by the definite article), "the garage is new" would be "الكَراج جَديد" (only the noun takes the definite article). I hope, it's a little bit clearer now. If you still have any questions, feel free to ask.


Got it! Thank you!


Very helpful because the definite article can change the way the sentence means. Thank you!


كراجُكِ جديدٌ يا سامِيةُ


why is this new speaker mispronouncing Samia? It was pronounced samiatou in the sentence and samiatan when you clicked on the word.



The complete ending sounds of the sentence above (according to the standard grammar) is:

كراجُكِ جديدٌ يا ساميةُ.

"karaajuki jadiidun yaa samiyatu."

When "Harf nida" (tool/letter for calling) "يا" met "mufrad 3alaam" (a name composed from a single word) like "سامية", it has the Damma sound, "u". "saamiyatu". Please see this link for further explanation https://arabicblog.info/harf-nida-in-arabic/

However, on daily basis, Arabs spell "saamiya", ie. by omitting the ending sound.

Conclusion: For "saamiyatan", it is grammatically incorrect, is an audio glitch. And, we can assume that "samiatou" which you have heard is also an error because Duolingo try to avoid ending sounds.


Should "new" be جَديدة here since it is refering to a female?


No, it refers to كراج which is masculine.


Why somewhere they used "JARIK" and somewhere "JARAK" ? "JARIK" is correct, right?



JARIK means "Your (to a female) neighbor (a male)" while JARAK means "Your (to a male) neighbor (a male)".

So, we use JARIK in this sentence because "Your" (Samia) is female and her neighbor is male. "Your neighbor" (ie. Samia's neighbor)

If "Your" refers to Bob, then the sentence will be JARAK - "Your neighbor" (ie. Bob's neighbor).

Note: Both JARAK and JARIK above (ie. in the nominative case) are a Slang/Dialect and not Standard Arabic.


It sounds like there is a vowel sound "ah" between "your garage" and "new." karajik-ah-jadiid Is that correct pronunciation or is it an audio glitch?



karaajik كراجِك is a Slang/Dialect which Arabs never spell the second ك sound (or -kah in your transcription).

However, if we follow the Standard Grammar, the last ك is pronounced. So, it will be like this: كراجُكِ "karaajuki" (the ك is spelled as "-ki" which means to a female and "-ka" to male. Hence, it should be "-ki" (and not "-ka") because Samia is female.

Conclusion: the -kah sound is an audio glitch. :))


why its jadid and not jadida ? as we are adressing to samia who is a female . As we also added IK to karage and not AK


Because it is not Samia who is new but the garage, and garage is masculine in Arabic.

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