Adverbs: Allemaal vs. Alle Graag vs Vinden Leuk vs Houden Van Alleen vs Enkele vs Enige
Pretty much the title. What is the difference and when to use:
Allemaal vs. Alle
Graag vs Vinden Leuk vs Houden Van
Alleen vs Enkele vs Enige
And finally, zelf. It means yourself and himself. What about myself, oneself, yourselves, herself, itself, themselves, ourselves?
Thanks in advance
This site can answer a lot of your questions: http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Pronouns.Id04 http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Pronouns.Rf01 http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Pronouns.Id12 Leuk vinden = to like; houden van = to love (people) or to like very much (things); graag is an adverb and means gladly, with pleasure, e.g. ja, graag = yes, gladly; ik wil graag = I would like.
I'm a native Dutch speaker but these questions are SUPER hard! For a part, you'll just have to develop your ear for it, I'm afraid. Some rules are not set in stone in Dutch language (as you might have noticed.)
Starting from the bottom:
mijzelf, zichzelf (oneself), jouwzelf, haarzelf, hetzelf, zijzelf, onszelf.
Leuk vinden = to like houden van = to love. Same distinction as in English, it's perfectly fine to say 'ik houd van koffie'. It's not exclusively for romantic love.
Alleen = alone or lonely Enkele, enige = some, a few. I can't detect a difference between enkele and enige, someone might correct me here.
allemaal = all (usually about people or animals). Ex: 'wij willen allemaal een appel' (we all want an apple) alle (minus graag, this just means please) = all of it, seems to refer more to inanimate objects. Ex: 'alle boeken staan in de kast' (all books are in the bookcase).
Let me know if you need more info!
In addition to the great explanations already offered, a lot of these differences can be understood from a grammatical point of view:
- "allemaal" is an adverb, while "alle" is an adjective. They are different parts of speech and used differently in a sentence, though they both translate to the same English word
- "zelf" is an adverb (meaning by yourself, without assistance), while "mezelf/jezelf/zichzelf/etc" are reflexive pronouns. You cannot use "zelf" as a pronoun, nor "mezelf" as an adverb.