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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Valen_002

Adverbs: Allemaal vs. Alle Graag vs Vinden Leuk vs Houden Van Alleen vs Enkele vs Enige

Pretty much the title. What is the difference and when to use: Allemaal vs. Alle
Graag vs Vinden Leuk vs Houden Van
Alleen vs Enkele vs Enige
?

And finally, zelf. It means yourself and himself. What about myself, oneself, yourselves, herself, itself, themselves, ourselves?

Thanks in advance

July 8, 2019

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dutchesse722

This site can answer a lot of your questions: http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Pronouns.Id04 http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Pronouns.Rf01 http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Pronouns.Id12 Leuk vinden = to like; houden van = to love (people) or to like very much (things); graag is an adverb and means gladly, with pleasure, e.g. ja, graag = yes, gladly; ik wil graag = I would like.

July 8, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/geerte13

I'm a native Dutch speaker but these questions are SUPER hard! For a part, you'll just have to develop your ear for it, I'm afraid. Some rules are not set in stone in Dutch language (as you might have noticed.)

Starting from the bottom:

mijzelf, zichzelf (oneself), jouwzelf, haarzelf, hetzelf, zijzelf, onszelf.

Leuk vinden = to like houden van = to love. Same distinction as in English, it's perfectly fine to say 'ik houd van koffie'. It's not exclusively for romantic love.

Alleen = alone or lonely Enkele, enige = some, a few. I can't detect a difference between enkele and enige, someone might correct me here.

allemaal = all (usually about people or animals). Ex: 'wij willen allemaal een appel' (we all want an apple) alle (minus graag, this just means please) = all of it, seems to refer more to inanimate objects. Ex: 'alle boeken staan in de kast' (all books are in the bookcase).

Let me know if you need more info!

July 8, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Simius

In addition to the great explanations already offered, a lot of these differences can be understood from a grammatical point of view:

  • "allemaal" is an adverb, while "alle" is an adjective. They are different parts of speech and used differently in a sentence, though they both translate to the same English word
  • "zelf" is an adverb (meaning by yourself, without assistance), while "mezelf/jezelf/zichzelf/etc" are reflexive pronouns. You cannot use "zelf" as a pronoun, nor "mezelf" as an adverb.
July 8, 2019
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