When to use: dobré/dobrou/dobrý
Hello everybody, I am a beginner in Czech and I would like to know when to use dobré or dobrou or dobrý Is there a rule for it, or do you just have to know when to use it.
For Example: Good evening = dobrý večer Good day = dobrý den Good night = dobrou noc Good morning = dobre ráno Good afternoon = dobré odpoledne
you have to choose the correct form of adjective for given gender (masc, femm, neuter) and cases (nominative, dative, genitive...)
In singular nominative, the endings for adjective "dobrý" (and most of other adjectives) are
-ý for masc = dobrý -> "dobrý večer"
-á for fem = dobrá -> "dobrá žena"
-é for neuter = dobré -> "dobré odpoledne"
For further reading please take a look here: http://cokdybysme.net/pdfs/hardsoftadjs.pdf
Please do not let this to discourage you, it's actually not so difficult as it seems :)
PS: greetings like "dobrý den" (= good day), "dobrou noc" (= good night), "dobré odpoledne" (= good afternoon) are actually in accusative, because it used to be "I wish you good day" = "Přeji vám dobrý den" and then it was shortened just to "dobrý den"
Be aware that the Tips & Notes are NOT currently available IN THE APPS, but they can be accessed through a desktop or mobile browser.
Also, although this site might be a little overwhelming if you're just starting your Czech adventure, you may want to add it to your resource list. There is a lot of stuff there that will be helpful to you with declensions: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czech_declension. And this site will come in handy for verb conjugation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czech_conjugation. Good luck in your journey!
When you are on the website and click on a skill there might be a light bulb (on the top right of the popup) that contains tips and notes.
Czech is very complicated and has a latin grammar. the words consist of prefix, stem and suffix. the suffix (your question) in the pronoun is determined by the following noun and its form ( 1.who/was 2.without who/was; 3. go to who/was; 4. see who/was; 5. call form (doesn't know latin either); 6. talk about who/was; 7. go with whom/was). Duolingo is not enough for that. There are so-called role models and their forms for nouns which one has to learn first. Unfortunately. much success!
So that one can imagine the complicity here still another example for what I have written (although partly without sense): 1 Was?: (co?) dobrá noc 2. can go to sleep even without the wish of good night: (bez) dobré noci 3. go to a good night: (k) dobré noci 4. I see a good night / I wish you good night: dobrou noc 5. calls to the good night: dobrá noci! 6. Talk about a good night: (o) dobré noci 7. go with a good night: (s) dobrou nocí