Why do words end with "-in" and "-un" in descriptive sentences?
Like the sentence "سامْية دُكْتورة جَيِّدة"
The audio says "Samiya-tin duktura-tun tunisiyah". Why are the "-in" and "-un" sounds added but not spelled out?
What I know so far:
The sounds indicate grammatical structures, cases, and whether not a noun is definite or indefinite. They are only pronounced within the flow of speech, not before pauses (like the end of a sentence). The rules for this are rather complicated. If it helps you, for your first sentences, you can just consider them as making the noun indefinite. The adjective follows BUT NOT in constructions with "to be".
indefinite: bintun jamilatun = a Beautiful Girl definite: albintu aljamilatu = the Beautiful Girl
BUT: albintu jamilatun = the Girl is Beautiful
The "t" sound before -un comes from the letter ة It is not spoken in Isolation, it sounds like aa….however, it is a "tied" t and is spoken as such in the flow of the language.
Hope that helped. :)
its not really mentioned but the un at the end of a word is basically what represents the 'a' in a sentance like : kalbun = a dog
if I remember correctly (from my lessons) the -in after a feminine word is so that sentances can flow better on the tongue. But I think that is not always the case. I'd have to dig out my notes for more. Ill see if I can find them later.