"Sam is a good translator."
Translation:سام مُتَرجِم جَيِّد.
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Kasra is a vowel marker that goes below letters and makes the "i" sound: -ِ . The shaddah doubles consonants and goes above letters: -ّ . FatHa is a vowel marker that goes above letters and makes the "a" sound: -َ . If fatHa and shaddah are written over a letter at the same time, the fatHa goes above the shaddah: -َّ .
I think you are referring to the fatha here. Anyway, I have seen it written in both forms.
Regarding the first word, "sayyid", the shadda is superscripted over the fatha; while with the second word, "tufāḥat", the fatha is superscripted over the shadda.
I'm not readily sure why this is the case and what determines when one should be placed over the other just yet.