"Is your shirt white?"
Translation:Ist dein Hemd weiß?
When should I use "dein" and "euer"? Is it like "du" is to "dein" as "ihr" is to "euer"? What do I use for "Sie" by this analogy?
That is correct. You use "du" -> "dein" and "ihr" -> "euer". For "Sie" you would use "Ihr", when it's formal and "ihr" for "sie" (her)
What is the difference between Eure and Euer? This was the first time I had seen the latter used, as opposed to the former.
Euer - masculine and neuter; Euere - feminine. They mean your (in the plural)
Wait, but what is the difference between eure and euer? I still don't understand. You just gave the difference between euer and euere. Does eure mean the same as euere? Are you saying that eure is feminine?
? You got me confused there... Remember that in German the articles are very important, and we have the masculine, feminine and neuter. So, we can use "Euer" for masculine and neuter, e.g. euer Hund (because Hund is Der Hund, masculine) and for neuter, like: euer Brot (Because Brot, bread, is 'Das Brot'); therefore we use euere for feminine, such as euere Frau - your wife, because wife is feminine (Die Frau). Hope I could help...
the difference between 'dein' and 'deine' please anyone? is dein used for singular and masculine and deine used for feminine and plurals? its so confusing. thanks for your help
Could it also be "Ist dich Hemd weiß?"?
If "dich" is your informal, "ihr" is your formal and "euer" is your plural informal?
No. The following translations are possible.
Ist dein Hemd weiß? (informal, addressing one person)
Ist euer Hemd weiß? (informal, addressing more than one person)
Ist Ihr Hemd weiß? (formal, addressing one or more people)
You might want to give this a thorough read. Note that there's a second page.
As both "euer" and "Ihr" are plural, wouldn't it have to be "Sind euer/Ihr Hemd weiß" to be correct?
No, we wouldn't use sind here because there is just "one shirt" but "many owners"; the conjugation of the verb "sein" would therefore be referring to the (singular) shirtand not the (multiple) owners, i.e. in case we use ihr or euer.
Got it - the one shirt is the subject. Thanks! (I was just confused how one shirt could be owned by so many people, but DL has its reasons. Ha.)
Because "es" means "it" and as the subject of the sentence, the shirt, is directly declared, saying that would be being redundant.
I didn´t put euer because it means a group of people wear /share the same shirt. Why not "Hemden" ?
I marked 1 and 3; as Ihr is formal for Euer. Why didn't DL consider the first one correct?
I wrote "Dein Hemd ist weiß?" but apparently I had to write "Ist dein Hemd weiß?" I thought German allows me to vary the the sentence structure?
I wrote "Ist ihr Hemd weiss?" and Duo said "almost good", the mistake is that when one uses the formal version of "euer" the "I" must be capitalized. But after that I hovered the mouse over "your" in the original sentence and it showed "ihr" and not "Ihr". I'm confused a little bit.