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  5. "قَرْيَتي قَريبة مِن مَدينة ب…

"قَرْيَتي قَريبة مِن مَدينة بَيْروت."

Translation:My village is close to the city of Beirut.

July 12, 2019



When referring to cities, one should always use medina?


Yes, "madiina"is city


Does not مَدينة بَيْروت mean "city of Beirut" with out the "The?" Why not Al-madina? Also, does not close to = close by?


بيرون is already a definite noun itself, so using الـ is redundant.




why is there no definite article in front of "medina"? we had one in front of "state" in former lessons, hadn't we? I mean the arabic sentences, sorry, I cannot type arabic letters


In this sentence, the word مَدِيْنَة is considered grammatically to be in "construct state" with the following word بَيْروت, and thus does not have a definite article -- I think this may be briefly explained somewhere in Duo's "Hints & Tips", or one could check a reference such as the following (although that one is pretty technical, there are probably also references on the web at a more basic level) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I%E1%B8%8D%C4%81fah --


Can't you just say "My village is close to Beirut"?



Yes, we can! قريتي قريبةٌ مِن بيروتَ

Duolingo seems he/she wants to teach us about the structure of possession (2al-2iDaafa الإضافة) in this lesson. مِن مدينةِ بيروتَ is an 2al-2iDaafa form.



Is there any reason on the part of the course designers to just keep on repeating the names of cities in the Near East and North Africa, and "leave out cities in the Arabian Peninsula?"


May be the authors or the teachers are not from the Arabian Peninsula. :)


They are not. But that's not the question. The language that you and me are learning here belongs to the whole Arab world. We need to be presented with different aspects that can represent all of them.

I know that the authors are using the Arabic flavor from their own part of the region, but using proper nouns such as Dubai, Qatar, and Riyadh, or Emirates and Arabia wouldn't do any harm to the grammar, would it? I'm not taking sides because I'm from none of them but I hope it's not a discrimination arising from a feeling of resentment.

I had started my above comment with a question (Is there a reason...?) so that I wouldn't include my own guess, hoping that someday one of the authors would take the time to explain the reason here.


Why the translation, ' My village is close to the Beirut city' is not correct?


because that sentence is wrong in English I think.

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