Help needed with Ce, Cette, Cet, Ces, Ca, Ceci, Cela, Celui, Celle, Celles, Ceux etc etc
Can someone break this down in easy to understand language? Cause the amount of demonstrative adjectives seems a little crazy here.. thanks
Happy to help :-)
In addition to Learn French with Alexa, another channel you should use is Français avec Pierre ...
You will probably have to turn on subtitles to begin with, since he does all his videos in French. But he has great English subtitles.
Ce and cet (m), cette (f), and ces (pl) are the adjectives. The rest in your list are not adjectives.
Ce is also a subject pronoun replacing something abstract or indefinite, nearly always used with the verb "être".
Ça (and the slightly more formal ceci and cela) also replaces abstract and indefinite things. As a subject, it is for use with the other verbs besides être, and it can also be a direct or indirect object.
Celui (m), celle (f), ceux (m pl), and celles (f pl) replace specific things that have already been mentioned, and are only usable with certain words following. In general, they are used to differentiate things from other things.
Jkidder is right !
Ce : This (male)in front of a name beginning with a consonane . Ex : Ce gâteau Cette : This (feminin) Ex : cette maison Cet : (Male)in front of a name beginning with a vowel - Ex : cet avion Ceci : (Male demonstratif) - Ex : ceci est à moi Cela : That... Ceux : These etc...