"إِنْ شاءَ ٱلله!"
'if God has willed it'
Tenses in Arabic work differently tho, the addition of the first word إن places a condition and changes the time frame. so even tho it is past tense, it is a conditional past tense applicable to the time when the phrase applies.
So God may not have willed it yet, but he may or may not have willed it by the time it is supposed to happen, but by the time it is supposed to happen, God will have either willed or not willed it by then.
It's like saying in English for example: You can join us, If you wanted to..
So I just used a past tense (because the conditional tool namely IF) But I meant something may happened in future (since you didn't decide yet)..
So إن means If literally..
However Inshala is very common among arabs even non Muslims (Since Allah means God even in Jewish/Christians Arab, even in Malta, Italy they use Allah word but referring to Jesus)
It means nothing will be done tomorrow unless God wanted to.
I dont know if this has been answered for you yet, but I'll try. I am not a Arabic native speaker, but I have spent the majority of my life in an Arab country, and I can tell you this: You can use this anywhere. "We will meet at eight" "Inshallah" -> They might come at 8 or at 10:30. "she thinks it's going to be a boy" "Inshallah" -> They hope it's right. Inshallah basically means that you put something in God's hands, so the easiest translation for usage would be: "I want this, but it will only happen if God is willing."
As a Muslim Arab: Inshalla is very common word to use in anything.
Even non Muslim arabs use it (Allah means God in Arabic even before Islam + Italy Island Malta they use it since Malta language is Semitic language.
Means I'll do that thing but only If God wanted so. (After God's permission)
Usage: when you plan for something for tomorrow /for meeting/ etc.. You just say your plan + inshalla
Because you never know what could happened in the future, maybe you die, sick etc..
Why we use it: to remember that God's plan only works over our plans, and any plan has worked its because of his wellness and permission
Another way to say my God in Arabic is is Allahuma/Allohim/Ilahi اللهم / إلهي
Notice that most Semitic languages use the same root for God
For instance in Hebrew you call God (ilohim ילוהים) and (il יל) (which is a little bit sensitive to call him in his name btw)
In Prophet Jesus' (may peace be upon him) native language (Aramaic) he called God in bible (ilohi/iloi) (check Mark 15:34)
I have a longstanding problem with duolingo, which is that it will not display the first letter of ٱلله . This is obviously a font problem (the font that the browser uses to display this does not have a glyph in that place of the Arabic encoding). I keep posting this on the discussion board, but getting no response. Can anyone help me out?
I would recommend taking a screenshot and filing a bug report https://support.duolingo.com/hc/en-us/requests/new