https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChevyBarnes05

All Esperanto Learners - The Entire Esperanto Vocabulary!

Here is a course on Memrise that has the entirety of Esperanto's words. Because it is a conlang, all of the words are recorded, and were made into this dictionary. It averages to be a total of 874 hours long, and would take 2 and a half years to complete at an hour a day.

I don't know if any of you were interested, but I thought it'd be nice for you all to know how many words (52,413) there are in Esperanto. Techniqually, there are 2,205 words, but I believe this includes conjugated, combined, or foreign words too.

Have a nice day!

-ChevyBarnes05

July 15, 2019

17 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

I don't believe anybody can actually answer "how many words does Esperanto have" - any more than we can say how many words there are in English.

July 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChevyBarnes05

All words in Esperanto were made. It is a conlang, so there would be a list of all words in Esperanto somewhere, which is probably how this course was made. I don't learn it, but I thought it was really cool.

July 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

You said something similar elsewhere in this thread:

For Esperanto it must be. Unlike French or Japanese, all words have been recording while being made - none being lost or miscounted.

My thought is that this just makes it clear you don't know how Esperanto works. You even say you're not learning it. It's OK not to learn something. It's also OK not to have an opinion on something you haven't learned.

July 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Little_Tatws

We have a quantifiable number of the original words that Zamenhoff put in the Unua Libro (900) and the ones that were put in subsequent dictionaries. However, Esperanto is a small language that is in early stages of evolution. We haven't categorised a lot of words because in a lot of cases there isn't an official word put out yet.

July 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

Esperanto is a living language with a 130 year history. It's spoken by hundreds of thousands or perhaps millions of people. Like with all living languages, new words (and roots) are being coined all the time - well in advance of them being added to any dictionary or made "official" in any way.

Your use of the word official makes me think that you don't understand what that word means in the context of Esperanto words, or in terms of how people decide what words to use while using Esperanto.

July 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JimThibaul

Sure Google it. Oxford English Dictionary contains full entries for 171,476 words in current use (and 47,156 obsolete words). They also say the average person uses about 20,000

July 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

"Google it" - gee, good thinking. /sarcasm

There's a big difference between:

  • How many entries does dictionary X have?
  • How many words does language Y have?

The first one is answerable. The second one is not.

July 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChevyBarnes05

For Esperanto it must be. Unlike French or Japanese, all words have been recording while being made - none being lost or miscounted.

July 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carbsrule

Esperanto speakers make up new words all the time by combining roots and affixes spontaneously. And of course common international words may be borrowed and added as new roots, e.g. suŝi/o from Japanese 寿司 (sushi).

There is a large dictionary, PIV, which has a lot of roots (16,780 in the 2002 edition; significantly more than the 2,205 you mention for the Memrise course). But it's not a definitive list of all the roots that have ever been or will ever be used. Such a list doesn't exist.

I wondered who made this course and whether they have much experience in Esperantujo, so I went and looked. I assume you're talking about this one? https://www.memrise.com/course/11739/espdic-52303-vortoj/

Someone just turned ESPDIC into a Memrise course.

July 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

Someone just turned ESPDIC into a Memrise course.

Ugh! I routinely tell people that I don't recomend ESPDIC for learners. It's not a good source for learning. ChevyBarnes05 has already admitted not having a lot of experience with Esperanto. This thread is full of so many misconceptions about what Esperanto is.

Thanks for sorting this out, Carbsrule.

July 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeeMiller9

Where in the world did you get an idea like that?

July 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/r.l.kirby

OK let's say ≈ 2,000.
This doesn't seem to be enough at all. I was expecting to see something more like 10,000.
Can it really be this low?
Even if, for example, varma is counted while malvarma and varmega are omitted from the list, 2,000 still seems a very low number.

July 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ionasky

Well i have seen claims to there beeing approx 2500-3200 roots, propositions, affixes and a few compounds depending on how you count it. Now that may vaguely approximate the correct number however actual words in use are not only those with single meaning but also in permutations and combinations of various roots and affixes ... and there can be up to four or even at a push five in a given word... a quick mathmatical check shows just how many words there can potentially be. And that is without loan words and neologisms. The vocab is big enough to say anything you might reasonably want to.

July 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carbsrule

PIV 2002 has 16,780 roots.

July 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChevyBarnes05

EDIT: I'm sorry to all users that have been "offended". I didn't know about this, and I am not learning Esperanto. I thought this was cool, and worth sharing. No, I do not know how Esperanto works. I am sorry, okay?

July 19, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

Now you are the one who is sounding "offended." I don't think there's cause to be on either side. I am used to people trying to explain to me (a 20 year fluent Esperanto speaker) what Esperanto is and how it works. It's just human nature. The important question is whether you've learned something from the discussion.

July 19, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Liona0405

Thank you

July 26, 2019
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