No, it's not the same grammatically speaking. Because "the woman" and "She "are not the same in english too..They are Similar but not the same.
아뇨, 이건 같은 문법적으로 같은 말이 아니에요. 왜냐하면 "그 여자"와 "여자"는 영어또한 같지않아요. 그들(그 여자, 여자)는 유사하지만 같지않아요.
Grammatically, "the woman" is a noun while "she" is a pronoun. As a pronoun, "she" could replace the noun "the woman", but "she" could also replace "the girl". "She" does not specifically mean "the woman", but refers to a female that was previously mentioned or that is assumed to be known to both the speaker/writer and the listener/reader. For example, in English one might say/write "The woman was reading a book. When she finished reading, she went for a walk." Here, "she" replaces "the woman". As well, one could say/write "The girl was playing in the backyard. When it was lunchtime, she went inside to eat lunch." Here, "she" replaces "the girl".
자꾸 문법문법하는데 원래 한국어에 '그녀' 같은 단어는 없었어요, 이 영어 중심주의 사람들아.. 대명사든 명사든 한국어에서 그녀랑 그여자는 원래 같은 말이에요. 한 발 양보해주니까 아주 다 잡아먹으려 드네. 우리가 진짜로 미국의 식민지인 줄 아나.