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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Arabic Word of the Day 78# [Journey in Arabia 20# - Tunisia Facts!]

Hi! Today we’re going to move on from Syria to a tiny country in North Africa called Tunisia, or in Arabic Tunis [which is, in fact, its capital city]. Tunisia is probably known for totally failing on the last world cup lol, but at least it qualified! Anyways, let’s see….

1# It is the northernmost country in Africa and, at almost 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 sq mi) in area, the smallest country in the Maghreb region of North Africa.

2# It is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east.

3# Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains and the northern reaches of the Sahara Desert. Much of the rest of the country’s land is fertile soil. Its 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) of coastline includes the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, features the African mainland’s second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.

4# Though it is relatively small in size, Tunisia has great environmental diversity due to its north-south extent. Its east-west extent is limited.

5# The Sahel, a broadening coastal plain along Tunisia’s eastern Mediterranean coast, is among the world’s premier areas of olive cultivation.

6# Carthage was the capital of Phoenician government, and later also became the capital of the Roman government in the South of the Mediterranean Sea when mastering Tunisia. Its location is very strategic, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea with beautiful scenery. In this area, you can see the ruins of the ancient wake of Roman architecture, the former palace (capitol) Roman.

7# Tunis is situated on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The area commonly called the old city of Medina. This area is surrounded by a wall fence with some of the main door and some of the smaller doors. Wall fence aims for keep the city from enemy attack.

8# Bardo Museum - For those interested in history and want to know about the history of Tunisia, it is suitable for visiting. The museum is open every day except Monday. Prior to independence, the Bardo Museum is a palace of the Bey (the title King of Tunisia). In this museum is a store of historical civilizations that once lived in Tunisia.

9# Acropolium- Is an old church located in Carthage. Its real name is Saint Louis Cathedral, the largest church in North Africa. Now this church functions as a tourist attraction.

10# Sidi Bou Said - This area consists of buildings that motivated Andalusia, the white buildings and blue doors and windows. Sidi Bou Said is 10km west of Tunis. Its location is high due to the hilltop area, and is suitable to be for those who want to enjoy the beautiful views of Mediterranean Sea.

11# The country has only ever had two presidents.

12# Tunis is currently the only town in Tunisia to be equipped with a metro (“tube”) service, which is more like a tramway.

13# Tunisia has served as a popular location for some of Hollywood’s biggest films, among which include Star wars, Jesus of Nazareth, The English Patient and Raiders of the Lost Ark.

14# Tunisia’ most famous Olympian is Mohammed Gammoudi who won four Olympic medals over the three games. In the 1964 Tokyo games he won a Silver medal in the 10,000m race, four years later in the 1968 Mexico games he won a Gold medal in the 5,000m and Bronze in the 10,000m and in 1972 he won a silver medal in the Munich games.

15# In the Matmata area, people still live in underground houses.

16# Camel is eaten, mainly in the south-west, but it can be really tough and chewy [Idk why they had to add “chewy” but ok?]

17# The city Kairouan is the fourth most important city in the Islamic world after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem.

18# When the film Raiders of the Lost Ark was shot in Tunisia, crew members had to remove 300 televisions antennas from homes in Kairouan, Tunisia for one scene to make a rooftop shot look like 1936.

19# Scorpions are all over the place in the south. Only things worse than the scorpions are the snakes. Woo! Also, the most venomous spider in the world can be found in Tunisia [Oh that’s lovely! I’m going there this summer! Now it’s 100% I’m gonna die on the trip]

20# Polygamy and repudiation (when a man divorces his wife by simply declaring it is so) are outlawed.

21# Women can pass on their names and nationalities to their children.

22# Tunisia was settled by the Phoenicians in the 12th century B.C. By the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. , the great city-state of Carthage (derived from the Phoenician name for “new city”) dominated much of the western Mediterranean. The three Punic Wars between Rome and Carthage (the second was the most famous, pitting the Roman general Scipio Africanus against Carthage’s Hannibal) led to the complete destruction of Carthage by 146 B.C.

23# Except for an interval of Vandal conquest in A.D. 439–533, Carthage was part of the Roman Empire until the Arab conquest of 648–669. It was then ruled by various Arab and Berber dynasties, followed by the Turks, who took it in 1570–1574 and made it part of the Ottoman Empire until the 19th century.

24# In the late 16th century, it was a stronghold for the Barbary pirates. French troops occupied the country in 1881, and the bey, the local Tunisian ruler, signed a treaty acknowledging it as a French protectorate.

25# Nationalist agitation forced France to recognize Tunisian independence and sovereignty in 1956. The constituent assembly deposed the bey on July 25, 1957, declared Tunisia a republic.

26# Traditional Tunisian cuisine reflects local agriculture. It stresses wheat, in the form of bread or couscous, olives and olive oil, meat (above all, mutton), fruit, and vegetables. Couscous (semolina wheat prepared with a stew of meat and vegetables) is the national dish, and most people eat it daily in simple forms, and in more complex forms for celebrations.

27# Tunisian mourners wear traditional bright red costumes at funerals. Corpses are laid on the left side, facing Mecca.

28# Independent Tunisia under Bourguiba made a major effort to improve women’s status by encouraging education and employment, improving the conditions of marriage, and encouraging family planning. This has reduced rather than eliminated the gap between the status of women and men.

29# Tunisians are relatively egalitarian in their interpersonal relations, but there is a strong sense of etiquette. People should be addressed respectfully. A man should not show too much curiosity towards the women in his friend’s family, and may not even know their names. In some cases, men do not visit each other’s homes because the women would inevitably be present. Some people with a sense of their own status do not visit those they consider lower in rank. These rules are relaxed in the urbanized upper classes.

30# Tunisia has produced some fine writers, more in Arabic than in French.

That’s from Tunisia today! I hope you’ve enjoyed today’s post and cya guys next time :D

Oh and also, 31# Use double locks and chain up your suitcase in preparation for a trip to Tunisia. Its airport holds no responsibility on the safety of your suitcases. In fact, the airport workers themselves sometimes nip out valuables and gifts from your bag. You just have to hope your bag doesn’t shine out from the pile in the eyes of an airport worker ;p However, I guarantee it’s probably worth the trip! :)

July 21, 2019

41 Comments

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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Camel is chewy and tastes of turkey. Don't know why. But thanks for the facts!

July 21, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

You've tried it before? :o


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Yeah! A few weeks ago my uncle came and gave us a little pot full of it. It was nice though. XD

I'm probably going on holiday this summer. You?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

;p I mean you like banana pasta so...

Just kidding! :3

Yup [for the first time in forever]. I'm going Libya and I'm gonna die of boredom and I'm gonna burn and die. Well, since there's obviously no direct flights I'm gonna have to go Tunisia and from there take a car/ship/plane [depending on my mum's choice]. Though we're gonna wander around Tunisia first. Libya is trash and I'm not looking forward tbh ;l

All I know is that there won't be electricity and it'll be like 48c and I'll be stinking inside some relative I - don't - even - know -the - name-of's house. Then we'll go to another relative... and another, and another and another. And obviously when it comes to relatives, there's always plenty of arguing and headaches and hugging [or head locking more like] and cheek-pulling and BEEF [halal] :

or like this...

:L

What about you? Where are you going? :) 100% it's gotta be better than my destination.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

XDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD

I'm going on a 10 hour flight to Nairobi man. You do not understand how much I'm regretting asking my parents to take me on holiday. 10 hours in the sky! I can't do that.

It's about -100% better than where you're going. But we still in Africa!!!

Africa in the background


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Lucky...I have never even been out of the U.S...

But, I do have exciting news in a year or two I will be able to go to a foreign country.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Lol! he thinks we travel 24/7 XD last year I actually went somewhere... in England. But every other year I never went anywhere past that corner shop that sells onions ;p except that time I went to Saudi which was when I was in year 3 which was ages ago


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

But I don't wanna go on the plane. I hate heights!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

I think there's too many Somalis in my class, they're influencing me too much XD Sometimes I use "caddaan" at home and my mum's like wth XD [Every foreigner talks about caddaans at home XD I'm sure!]

I'm leaving in 23 days so I'm probably gonna lose my streak cus the electricity cuts everyday :'(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Yep I'm scared of heights. Not high heights but really high high heights. ^-^

Roller-coasters- Fine

Planes- A big no-no


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

10 hours! Woah! When I went Saudi it was like a 7 hour flight [I think maybe a bit more] and my ass almost fell off! Good luck and pray that there's not a long queue to the toilet XD

I'm sure the two caddaans weren't talking about Africa XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

XDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD

Caddaan kulahaa[she says]. XDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD

I pray too but then we fly around the middle/end of the holiday so I'm fine. ^-^


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

LOL I know you guys don’t travel 24/7 XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Heh I got my streak repair[for one day]. Probably gonna lose it before then. XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Do you think I could buy 3 weeks worth of streak repairs? XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Aren't you the one who went on the Stealth in Thorpe Park? Then SHUSH! ;p You can't even see out of the plane so how's that even scary? I'm scared of heights that aren't even that high but I'm not scared of plane trips XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Ruwayda, You are afraid of heights too?

I used to be but I got over that last year LOL my family went to Grandfather mountain (a popular tourist attraction in North Carolina.) and they have a mile high swing bridge (It is literally a mile high) so we went while it was raining...I thought I was gonna die. XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

You don't get the point. With a rollercoaster, it's zooming downwards like really fast from a high place, whereas with a plane it's steadily flying forward, not downwards or anything so you don't even feel anything! ;p

I'M telling you. I'd be scared if you put me 10 meters off the ground XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

am I the only one who likes heights?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheSmartMaster

Wow! Thanks for the facts!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Indiana Jones “The Raiders of The Lost Ark” was filmed in Tunisia? (I didn’t know that)

I got to try Couscous sometime soon...I have heard about it a lot but never tried it.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

80 cooks make an attempt on the world couscous record in Algiers, June 2004. This includes 6500kg of couscous and 2200kg of mutton.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

WOW that's too much!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

I know! it looks really dry too! Where's the bazin and everything? :3


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

LOL this is madness! I wonder how could they eat all of this :/


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

They probably called a really fat person to eat it ;p Or maybe they shared it out between everyone :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

Yup I think they made all of this for a wedding or something XD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sousoudoudo

cuuuuuuuuute! ♥3♥


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Eliein

15# How do people survive in underground houses???

31# Hope they don't like tiny mushrooms ;p


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

My grandparents lived in underground houses when they were kids, but they were more like caves and they were held up with a cement-like mix. They had separate holes for rooms and they built in shelves and stuff.

But as time went, they've began to build houses so my grandparents ditched them but my great grandparents decided to stay in them. My parents often visited them and stayed in their house, but I think few people nowadays still live in them.

The pro is that places, like Tunisia, benefit from this idea because as you probably know it's really hot over there and more than 90% of the land in the region of N Africa is desert. Underground houses protected them from the morning heat.

^This one is a more recent one in Matmata, Tunisia.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

These are like the ones my grandparents lived in...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

That looks like a Star Wars scene...That house is awesome! I bet it stays cool in the houses.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RuwaydaAtH

Not like mine. It's burning!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

Mines always cold! :( Except my bedroom is dead hot in the summer and dead cold in the winter, whereas the rest of the house is always COLD.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

I've never watched Star Wars but yeah ;p Yup, it stays cool, but too cool at night cus the temperature drops a lot at night. It's called the Diurnal Range :3 clever mushroom


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OliverBens1

Woah nice! Thanks for doing this! :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SASSYandsisters.

No problem! I'm glad you like them ;)

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