I've just started learning Esperanto and I'm a bit confused on when 'la' and 'el' are used. I speak Spanish and English, so I'm accustomed to 'el' as a masculine article and 'la' as the feminine equivalent, but that doesn't seem to be the same in Esperanto. It took me a little to get accustomed to saying 'la viro' as 'the man', and I understand that 'la' is 'the' and 'el' is 'from', but I tend to forget after some time. Does anyone have any tips on how to remember this? Also, are verbs conjugated in Esperanto? it seems that everyone (mi, vi, Adamo, Sofia) 'estas', 'laboras' or 'dormas', and since Duolingo doesn't give direct grammar lessons, I'm wondering if verb conjugation is a thing and if so what are good resources for learning about it?
Esperanto is so much simpler than other languages
You probably need to go to the website and check out the grammar notes and tips.
la means the in all circumstances.
El means out of or from in all circumstances.
There are no gendered nouns other than those which relate to people and family relationships.
Verbs do not conjugate according to person or number and there is only an indicator of tense ( past, present future, conditional)
Esperanto grammar in a nutshell? Have a look here:
Verb conjugations are a lot simplier in Esperanto than in Spanish, as verbs in Esperanto are only conjugated for past ("is" ending, "dormis")/present ("as" ending, "dormas")/future (os, "dormos")/conditional (us, "dormus"). There is no conjugation for pronouns, so the pronoun is needed, like in English.
El is a preposition in Esperanto. La is the definite article for everything; there is no grammatical gender.
Does anyone have any tips on how to remember this?
The usual (and good) advice is, "Practice, practice, practice!"
Practice every day. Every time you see one of these words remind yourself what it means. If there is a lesson that covers what you have trouble remembering, go over it on your duome page (not forgetting its Practice, the dumbbell icon on the right of the skill lines) every day until recognition is automatic. Maybe write out sample sentences with these words 3 to 10 times each. Even after you think you've got the difference(s), review every so often.
Esperanto la means "the". Esperanto el means "from" or "out of". For verbs, the present tense is -as, the past is -is, the future is -os, the infinitive is -i, the imperative/present subjunctive is -u, and the conditional/imperfect subjunctive is -us.