How to know?( German)
How to know the difference between beetle and beetles in german for example : der junge hat kafer
how can i tell the difference
i am sorry i dont have the german keyboard i know there should be two dots on the A
As you wouldn't say "the boy has beetle" but you would say "the boy has beetles", you can tell from the context.
In the example you have given, you would have to say "the boy has a beetle" - der Junge hat einen Käfer
More broadly, it's usually clear from the context in real life, but less so in the short Duolingo Exercises. When translating from German to English, if both singular or plural could be correct, Duolingo usually accepts both versions as correct.
We have the same issue in English (one sheep, two sheep) and can even have the same word for a noun or a verb (one fish, two fish, I fish, you fish) but most of us never even notice it when we speak or read - it's generally very obvious with practice in real-life situations.
yeah i thought so my self, I asked this question because i thought there might be some other way that i don't know about since i am new to the language Thank you.
I think since it already has an umlaut the singular and plural versions are the same like deer, or sheep. Someone please correct me if im wrong.
I think the Umlaut is less an indication than the ending er. Several (but not all!) words ending on er are the same for singular and plural. Der Lehrer - die Lehrer, das Fenster, die Fenster,
I hope I'm right, otherwise I've been looking at it the wrong way all this time.
Only the plural can be used without any article. (in proper German, some people with slavic back ground drop articles because they are used to that from these languages)
Another hint is looking at the verb.
I'd try to help you more, but I just finished the animal skill last night. I still need a lot of practice.
thank you john i have also finished the animal skill last night and now i am trying to learn plurals good luck man
You would say "der Junge hat Käfer" only in the plural (beetles).
For the singular, you need the indefinite article: "Der Junge hat einen Käfer."
This presence/absence of the indefinite article is the same in English:
The boy has beetles. Der Junge hat Käfer. (Plural: No article in both languages)
The boy has a beetle. Der Junge hat einen Käfer. (Singular: Indefinite article in both languages)
I took a look at the animals skill again, and I think you might have to use the context to figure it out.
Yeah thats what i thought as well but i was also thinking that might be some other way to figure it out that i dont know yet Thanks.
To add to what everyone already stated, this looks very daunting to the learner when looking at the multiple ways to tell plural and how to create them. However, it starts to become natural the same way English does. What is vastly understated, is that while the vast majority of English nouns simply add an -s to the end, there are several ways to pluralize nouns in English, at least 18 that I know of. This is actually more than in German. Eventually your brain will just understand, and just by looking at a word, you will be able to figure out what is plural and not just by recognizing the pattern, much in same way you subconsciously know that if it is a game animal hunted for food, in English the plural is probably the same as singular (fish - fish. Deer - deer. Sheep - sheep. Cod - cod. Trout - trout.). You will eventually see the patterns with practice.
For the German keybord (if you install it) the ü is next to "p". [ on an English keyboard.
The ö is next to the letter "L" - ; on an English keyboard
And _ä_is next to "ö", that is ' on a English keyboard
ß is next to "0" (zero), that is "-" on an English keyboard
I would suggest to paste little papers on the keyword, if you want to learn that by heart.
die Käfer (the beetles) Der Junge hat die Käfer. Die is not just feminine for words but also plural words
der Käfer (the beetle) Der Junge hat der Käfer
ein(en) Käfer (a beetle) Der Junge hat einen Käfer.