Arabic Word of the Day 80# [Journey in Arabia 22# Finale - Yemen Facts!!]
Hello! Today we’re going to be looking at our last country in Arabia. I hope you enjoy the last post on this part of the series ;D
1# Yemen is an Arab country in Southwest Asia, occupying the southwestern to southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
2# The coastline stretches for about 2,000 km (1,200 mi). It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea to the south, and Oman to the east.
3# Yemen’s territory includes more than 200 islands, the largest of these is Socotra.
^weird but cool plant in Socotra
4# At 527,970 km2 (203,850 sq mi), Yemen is the world’s 50th-largest country. It is comparable in size to Thailand and larger than the U.S. state of California.
5# The Tihamah (“hot lands” or “hot earth”) form a very arid and flat coastal plain along Yemen’s entire Red Sea coastline. Despite the aridity, the presence of many lagoons makes this region very marshy and a suitable breeding ground for malaria mosquitoes. There are extensive crescent-shaped sand dunes
6# Shibam is dubbed the Manhattan of the desert. This is a wonderful landscape and also receives a huge number of tourists around the year. While in Yemen, one can either enjoy the fantastic ancient structural design or have a great time appreciative the beautiful mountains and desert landscape. Yemen is a totally beautiful country.
7# Marib is another must see for people who are looking forward to explore the rich cultural heritage of Yemen. The great Marib dam is a very impressive structure and is a proof of how developed early Yemenite civilizations.
8# Zabid’s domestic and military architecture and its urban plan make it an outstanding archaeological and historical site. Besides being the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century, the city played an important role in the Arab and Muslim world for many centuries because of its Islamic university.
9# Alhajarah fort – Haraz is a village in Yemen. It is located in the Manakhah District of the Sana’a Governorate, in the Haraz Mountains. Al Hajara is built upon a precipice and is famous for the houses which are built onto the cliff faces. Al Hajara contains the former residence of Imam Yahya Muhammad, a signatory to the Italo-Yemeni Treaty of 1926.
10# Saber mountain is one of the most famous mountains in Yemen, (almost 3000m above sea level), which affords panoramic views over the city. The city has a Muslim madrasa that has university status.
11# Gulf of Aden is a gulf located in the Arabian Sea between Yemen, on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and Somalia in the Horn of Africa. In the northwest, it connects with the Red Sea through the Bab-el-Mandeb strait, which is about 20 miles wide. It shares its name with the port city of Aden in Yemen, which forms the northern shore of the gulf. Historically the Gulf of Aden was known as “The Gulf of Berbera”, named after the ancient Somali port city of Berbera on the south side of the gulf.
12# Bar’an Temple – Marib City lies 1400 m to the northwestern direction of Mahram Balquis. It is a Sabaean Temple devoted to the Almaqah, the Moon God. This temple comes next to Awam Temple in importance, and is locally known as “al-Amaid” or the throne of Bilpuis. A German Archaeological mission explored this temple, where upon they found it to be square in shape with an open yard involving the sacred well in the middle, together with a pool supplied with water by a funnel from the mouth of the statue of the Holy Taurus.
13# More children are born in Yemen than in any other middle eastern country yearly
14# Yemen does not have many natural resources and is the poorest nation in the middle east
15# Alcohol is banned in Yemen due to strict Islamic religious policies
16# You do not have to tip in Yemen; the practice is unknown
17# Yemen’s embattled president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, who rose through the military, has held power in Sana’a since 1978.
18# Shibam, in Hadramaut province, is an extraordinary city, sometimes known as “the Manhattan of the desert”. It consists of some 500 mud-built tower houses resembling skyscrapers, some of them as many as 11 storeys high. Shibam is a UNESCO world heritage site, as is the old city of Sana’a.
19# Yemen claims to be the ancient homeland of the Queen of Sheba (Balqis or Bilqis in Arabic). Her dealings with the Jewish king Solomon are mentioned in the Bible and the Qur’an
20# Yemenis take much pride in their wedding traditions. An average wedding feast lasts 21 days.
21# Shared taxis are the preferred mode of transportation in Yemen. The Yemenis call it bijou, after the Peugeot cars used for cabs.
22# Yemen is an ultraconservative Muslim country.
23# Tourists are expected to give pens (referred to as Qalam) to the local school. Sweets are also acceptable.
24# The history of Yemen dates back to the Minaean (1200–650 B.C.) and Sabaean (750–115 B.C.) kingdoms. Ancient Yemen (centred around the port of Aden) engaged in the lucrative myrrh and frankincense trade. It was invaded by the Romans (1st century A.D.) as well as the Ethiopians and Persians (6th century A.D. ).
25# In A.D. 628 it converted to Islam and in the 10th century came under the control of the Rassite dynasty of the Zaidi sect, which remained involved in North Yemeni politics until 1962. The Ottoman Turks nominally occupied the area from 1538 to the decline of their empire in 1918. The northern portion of Yemen was ruled by imams until a pro-Egyptian military coup took place in 1962. The junta proclaimed the Yemen Arab Republic, and after a civil war in which Egypt’s Nasser and the USSR supported the revolutionaries and King Saud of Saudi Arabia and King Hussein of Jordan supported the royalists, the royalists were finally defeated in mid-1969.
26# The southern port of Aden, strategically located at the opening of the Red Sea, was colonized by Britain in 1839, and by 1937, with an expansion of its territory, it was known as the Aden Protectorate. In the 1960s the Nationalist Liberation Front (NLF) fought against British rule, which led to the establishment of the People’s Republic of Southern Yemen on Nov. 30, 1967. In 1979, under strong Soviet influence, the country became the only Marxist state in the Arab world.
27# The Republic of Yemen was established on May 22, 1990, when pro-Western Yemen and the Marxist Yemen Arab Republic merged after 300 years of separation to form the new nation. The poverty and decline in Soviet economic support in the south were an important incentive for the merger. The new president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, was elected by the parliaments of both countries.
28# Yemenis usually eat three times a day at home. The traditional diet varies locally and socially and is open to innovations. Generally, there is an early breakfast of sweet strong tea with bread made of sorghum, wheat, or barley; dinner includes a porridge prepared from fenugreek with meat, eggs, vegetables, herbs, and spices, which is served hot in a stone or clay bowl; a light supper consists of vegetables and/or dates.
29# Most marriages are arranged by the families: a bridegroom’s female relatives suggest potential brides to him and his father, who come to a decision according to the rules of martial conformity. The woman’s father asks her about her wishes before the marriage contract is prepared. Groom and bride are attached to their respective descent groups through the male line: The father of the groom has to pay a bride price and the family of the bride is expected to help her in times of hardship.
30# By tradition, Yemeni men wear a long robe or a striped skirt (futa) with a curved dagger (jambiya) at the front, attached to a decorative belt. Jambiyas are unsheathed and brandished above the head when dancing.
31# Medieval culture was rich in historical, geographic, and religious works; agricultural almanacs; astronomical treatises; and rhymed prose. Poetry in classical and colloquial styles is the most popular art form. Since the Middle Ages, poetry has been spoken, sung, and improvised during social events, at performances, and in competitions.
32# Traditional performances include musical-poetical improvisations called dan in the Hadhramaut, at which singers chant a tune without words and poets offer them a freshly created text line by line. There are choral ritual processions, tribal call songs, special types of regional songs, and local and strata dances.
This was out last destination and I hope you learnt a few things on the countries of Arabia on this journey. Now it’s your turn to actually travel to your first [or next] country in Arabia!
... Or if you’re the kind of person, like me, who isn’t a 24/7 traveller, then if you could go to any Arab country we’ve been through, which one would it be? :D
^The Shahara bridge, Yemen
Can't believe the journey through the Arab League is done. Man I'm gonna miss these posts.
How's the weather down south?
Well I have an idea of what to do next, but I don't know if it's going to be useful so... you're not gonna get rid of me yet :p But wait and see!
Sunny! Aaahh :DDD It's pretty hot, it's actually 31C so... I'm HAPPY...
How can you be happy?! It's 37C here and I'm literally a waterfall of sweat. I can't take this heat anymore!
;p Haha LOL but anyways my house is always cold so I'm cool over here XD C'mon! You're not a real Somali if you can't take a bit of heat! I'm sure it's MUCH hotter in Somalia :p
No, it's MUCH cooler. Only 25C. It's so hot that we have to keep the windows closed. I hate summer. ;p
Maybe it isn't summer there? :l No! I love the summer!! [only not above 40C, then it's not good anymore] :D I thought you were complaining that it's always raining? XD
Hey that's different. Rain is beautiful. The only problem I have with it is that it makes me wet and cold. Heat is WAY too much. I get sticky and I'm hot and can barely breathe so yeah. At least it's gonna be colder tomorrow. ^-^
too much rain! :( England isn't even that hot you know that! :D that's the only thing I prefer about England over my own country ;p When it's summer, it isn't gonna kill you whereas in Libya you're gonna burn and die XD RIP I hope it's cold in a few weeks
31* Celsius! That isn’t hot at all! This week it got up to 104 F (40 Celsius) where I live.
Get lost Andres! :p
It's England! England! England! 31 degrees is a record-breaker :D
Why are we competing on who has hotter weather?! I'm gonna flip the game around! I have the coolest weather HAHA LOSERS I'm not the one dying it's you two
LOL NC has really cold weather as well...probably not as cold as England but this winter it got down to like -1 F*
-18C? WTH! England never reaches that low XD TBH England is more like the rainy country which is pointless like you can't do anything with rain whereas you can play with snow I guess?
Haha Yep, we have pretty extreme weather. In the summer it almost never rains here.
But in the winter it rains and sleets all the time! (Especially when it’s extremely cold for some reason.) As far as snow we only get a decent snow here maybe 1 time every 2 years.
Yeah like it's blimmin cold in the winter but it just won't snow! ANd when it does... it comes down, melts and sludges into muddy mush b4 it closes school down :'p
¡Yemen es un país hermoso! Vaya, no sabía que tienen tantas cosas hermosas. Ahora quiero visitar a Yemen jaja
If I had to choose an Arab country to go to, It would either be Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, or Yemen. LOL demasiadas opciones pero antes de yo voy a un país en Arabia, estoy tratando de ir a Costa Rica (San Jose)
Aquí hay unos pocos lingots para tí porque realmente disfruté esta sería.
Unfortunately I'd probably cross out Yemen cus it's in a long-lasting war at the moment :( ... COSTA RICA? :D That sounds awesome man! Even the name! COS - TA - RICA [des-pa-cito] XDDD Let's see...
That's actually not fair! :pppp
Yep, It isn’t going to probably be a tropical vacation though it is a missions trip for a week. Hopefully I’ll be able to go in a year or two (that is the plan.)
But if I can get away for like a day then I will definitely go somewhere like that.
oh and this...
oh and I forgot this...
did I show you this?...
... But where am I going?
Oh wait! You're American. You won't get it XD
Thanks for the photos!
I actually do get the meme LOL (because I have seen that same look on my aunts face before.) XD
Well...I guess I am American by birth, but I guess I am probably not the “average American”. In fact I would love to go (possibly live for an extended time) in a foreign country.
All my ancestors came from Germany, Scotland, and Ireland so yep, I get some British humor.
This isn't British humour XD It's called non-western humour or basically Asian and African humour ;p
It's kinda cool that you have those backgrounds though :D I'm sure I'm a pure Libyan though whenever people see me they call me everything but Libyan [mainly cus they don't know it even exists]... I mean I got called Portuguese? [IDK why that was a popular one], British [like wth?], Greek?, Spanish? [I wished], Syrian?, Italian? [mmm maybe?], Pakistani? [only cus 99.9% of my class were] , French?... and so on and so forth but not one time were they right XD
Yep, We are definitely probably more Irish than anything. All my siblings and most of my cousins have red hair (I am the only blond.) I honestly don’t even really know how we ended up here. It seems like we should be running around in Ireland picking clovers or something. LOL
I actually went to a Hispanic church two nights ago and the pastor called me out from the pulpit he said “él es el Chico con la cara Blanca pero un corazón latino.) so now I guess I can claim I am Maybe Latino?
No, My accent isn’t Irish at all.
In the U.S we have a few very different accents. They are: Northern Yankee, Midwestern (the best one to have.) Southern, Michigan, Boston, and New York (my favorite)
My family is from North Carolina (in the south so most of my family has that accent.) But I really don’t have that one. I remember trying to loose the southern accent from a very young age, so now I don’t know what I sound like. Do I even have a distinct accent? No sé
Hmm...The movie type?
Probably people trying to imitate the Mid-western accent too heavily. The people in the movies don’t really sound like people in real life most of the time.
LOL DO you have an Irish accent too or is it a mix of American and Irish? [yuk can't even imagine it] No offence, American accents make me want to puke and Irish accents make me want to pluck out the bogie that's blocking their airway XD I luckily don't have a strong British accent or I'd hang myself. I bet Ruwayda has a funny accent ;pp
Well you probably stand out between your family XD I dunno but in England they always tease people with ginger or red hair so you'll be safe.
Well there was this American lady we had for supply last week and her voice was so cringy XD and there used to be a Canadian girl who had a really strong accent as well it was funny to hear how many voices echoed after her in the register XD