on a side note: the audio is really bad in terms of grammar and pronunciation
They all mean neighbor. One for a female neighbor (and a male listener), one for a male neighbor (and a male listener), one is for a male neighbor (and a female listener) and one for a female neighbor (and a female listener). Tricky one
Is teacher feminine because of samia or judy? Serious question. I guess it is samia. Because the "owner" is female...
the teacher is Judy.
The speech is dedicated to Samia (because the name of Samia is preceded with vocative article "yá")
So the word your teacher is feminine because the teacher is a woman? Sorry I am having a bit of trouble with this one and appreciate your help. So in the sentence: your teacher sam is smart, samantha. The word your teacher would be masculine because sam is a man?
Yep. If the teacher you are talking about is male, then معلّم (mu3allim).
if the teacher you are talking about is female then معلّمة (mu3allimah).
Your-male-teacher: معلّمك (mu3allimuka)
Your-female-teacher: معلّمتك (mu3allimatuka)
If you are talking TO a female and not a male then the suffix -ka would change to -ki in the previous examples.
Your-male-teacher: معلّمك (mu3allimuka) Your-female-teacher: معلّمتك (mu3allimatuka) That is the same in Hebrew. So I have no problem with understanding that. My problem is with: If you are talking TO a female and not a male then the suffix -ka would change to -ki in the previous examples. I don't see the suffixes, I think;) Do I only hear those?
Actually yes. It is a short vowel placed either on top of ـكَ (-ka) for a male, or ـكِ (-ki) for a female. However, since in regular day-to-day writings we don't use diacritics, we just know how to read it by context. Specially that in the sentence above, the speech is dedicated to Samia which is a female's name, hence, "your" must be a feminine one and (-ki) is to be used.
Bonus: some people, Arabs that is, still write it wrong as ـكي - and this is wrong. This is (kee) and not (ki) and does not fit here and has no meaning in this context.
I dont think the grammar is correct in 'Your teacher', as far as sentence construction.