Turkish demonstrative pronouns.
Demonstrative pronouns - "İşaret zamirleri."
Bu - This(one) Şu - This(one), that(one) O - That(one) Bunlar - These. Şunlar - These, those. Onlar - Those.
The plural form of the demonstrative pronouns take the plural suffix "-lar" & the letter "-n" is added before the suffix "-lar."
Bu çok lezzetli. (This is very delicious.) Şu ne kadar? (How much is that?) O annemin. (That is my mother's.) Bunlar çok lezzetli. (These are very delicious.) Şunlar ne kadar? (How much are these?) Onlar annemin. (Those are my mother's.)
When to use the demonstrative pronouns? The three demonstrative pronouns & their derivatives are used to show an object to their distance.
Usage of the pronoun "Bu." The demonstrative pronoun "bu" (this) & its case forms are used to show the closest object. Example: Bunu aldım. (I bought this.) ---> accusative case, singular. Bunları aldım. (I bought these.) ---> accusative case, plural.
Usage of the pronoun "Şu." The demonstrative pronoun "şu" (this or that) & its case forms are used to show the object which is a little further away. Example: Şuna bak! (Look at this!) ---> dative case, singular. Şunlara bak! (Look at these!) ---> dative case, plural.
Usage of the pronoun "O." The pronoun "o" is used for both personal (he, she, it) & as a demonstrative pronoun. The demonstrative pronoun "o" (that) has the same meaning as "şu." Example: Arkadaşım ondan aldı. (My friend bought from that.) ---> ablative case, singular. Arkadaşım onlardan aldı. (My friend bought from those.) ---> ablative case, plural.