"Do you want vegetables or fruits?"
Translation:Makemake ʻoe i ka lau ʻai a i ʻole ka hua ʻai?
is there any way to differentiate if you want to say,
-"do you like..." (instead of "do you want" - like what is your general preference)?
- "would you like (or want)..." (instead of "do you" - more like offering one or the other)
-"the vegetables or the fruits" (meaning certain ones)
-"a vegetable or a fruit" (instead of vegetables/fruits in general)
Those are all pretty different concepts in English.
Aloha e Karin. The word ʻono can be used multiple ways, depending on its position in the sentence and context. In the example that Hōkūlani gave above, it can mean "hungry" or "craving", or "like" e.g. ʻOno ʻoe i ka manakō? -> Do you want/hunger for/have a taste for/like/have a craving for/crave mango?
It can also mean "delicious" or "tasty", e.g. ʻOno ka manakō! -> The mango is delicious.
It can also mean "craving" or "desire" when associated with the taste of something (food), e.g. kona ʻono, his/her craving (if you're talking about a person/thing doing the craving). Kona ʻono could also mean "its flavor" (if you're talking about a food).
The word "maka" can mean "raw", "green", or "unripe". So, in the example above "manakō maka" means "green mango".
This is the same question that was asked 8 months ago but was never answered. In this sentence, the "i" is an object marker, and although there could be some grammatical justification for repeating it after the first item, I doubt if you would ever hear that done by a fluent speaker of Hawaiian. It could also get complicated if it came after "and" (a me), because you would have to make other changes in the sentence (like changing "a me" to "a"). So let's just say that you should only use the object marker (i or iā) before the first item in a series and NOT repeat it for any subsequent items.
However, if the "i" is a preposition meaning "to" or "at," the situation changes because it COULD be used after subsequent items. For example: Makemake ʻoe e hele i Maui a i ʻole (i) Molokaʻi? But it would also be fine to leave it out, so maybe it would be easier to just do that. Same goes for "ma": E pāʻina ana ʻoukou ma ka hale a i ʻole (ma) ka hale ʻaina? Personally, I would keep the second "ma" in this sentence.
I'll comment elsewhere for spelling of "a i ʻole" vs. "aiʻole."
I would have to check all the other Hawaiian language textbooks, but I'm quite sure that most (if not all) textbooks are spelling "or" as three words (a i ʻole). So I was surprised to see that the Hawaiian dictionary is only spelling it as one word: aiʻole. It makes sense as three words (a i ʻole), because that literally means "and if not," which is a good definition of "or." So if it makes sense, the general "rule" is to not combine words unnecessarily.
There's also a possible unfortunate alternative meaning when spelling it as one word which you can check out by looking up the definition of "ai" without an ʻokina.