"Új" or "újak"

I am confused where to use "új" and where "újak". I thought that "újak" is used for plurals, but then I find "új" can also be used as in this example "Ezek új ajtók". So can someone please clarify this, thanks. :)

August 2, 2019


These are new cars. Ezek új autók.

These are new ones. Ezek újak.

This is a new one. Ez új.

This is a new car. Ez egy új autó.

August 2, 2019
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Plural or singular adjectives:

Like in English, the adjective precedes the noun it modifies. (This is called an attributive adjective.) In this case, the adjective is not pluralized.

A piros alma = The red apple.

A piros almák = The red apples.

Ezek piros almák =These are red apples.

Sometimes you see an adjective that comes after the noun. In English, the adjective usually comes after is/are. However, in the Hungarian translation van or vannak is dropped. (This is called a predicative adjective.) In this case the adjective has to be plural when the subject is plural.

Az alma piros = The apple is red.

Az almák pirosak = The apples are red.

Ezek az almák pirosak =These apples are red.

A német házak szépek. = German houses are beautiful.

Here, német is singular because it is directly before the noun, and szépek is plural; it is after the noun.

see also this one:

+1: These are new ones. Ezek újak. In this case, új / újak takes the place of a noun. We can even say " újakat látok." (I see new ones.)

August 2, 2019

Just to clarify: Can we say "A piros almak" ?

August 8, 2019


August 8, 2019
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