Does Turkish distinguish between genders?
'O' refers to both females and males, I know, but how do you distinguish between a female and a male when conversing?
For example, if you say "O bir elma yer" to a person, how do they understand whether you're talking about a girl or a boy?
Is something added to the sentence, or is it just like "them" in English can apply to both genders?
We can understand pretty well by the context. And if it is not clear enough we can replace it with "that girl" or something like this
If you want to specify the gender, you can replace O with the kız (girl) or oğlan (boy). For example, Kız bir elma yer. Oğlan bir elma yer. And yes, them can apply to both genders.
Yeah, o means he, she, it and also that. If you want to specify than you can say, instead of o, kız or erkek or kadın etc (girl, boy, woman) so yeah, it is like English "they"