I have some gramatical questions about Turkish! Tengo preguntas del sistema gramático turco.
1) What is the most widely used and excepted sentence structure? Is it like the English SVO? Or is it like VSO? or VOS?
2) Where to direct and indirect, as well a reflexive, object pronouns go?
3) Does the adjective come before or after the noun? Does it matter?
4) Are there verb groups and are there conjugations that correspond with those verb groups?
I have been using Duo for like 5 years now. This is like my 4th account. I just started doing languages other than the romance languages, and I am finding it very difficult since I can speak Spanish and Italian very well. I am not yet used to languages that are not from Latin.
1- Turkish is a SOV language. Subject - object - verb, in this order. Kız kumsalda yürüyor. The girl in walking on the beach.
2- Objects pronouns go always before the verb. Onu görüyorum. I see her.
3- The adjective comes always before the noun. Büyük bir ev. A big house.
4- There is no verb groups. Only the vocalic harmony makes the verb ending by mek or mak, but these are not groups as in roman languages.
There is nearly no exception for the verbs. Just a list of 13 verbs in aorist which follow the complex harmony instead of the simple one, such as varmak, vurmak, and some verbs as etmek or gitmek which change their "t" in "d" when followed by a voyel : ediyor, not etiyor. To do. But atmak > atıyor. To throw.
I really appreciate this! I will refer to this further as I am learning Turkish. I greatly appreciate it.
For the first one, VSO is the most common alternative sentence structure. You can often see it in daily conversations. For the rest, I think they are answered clearly enough in the previous comment