https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Unofficial Persian Course 1#

Ok, I've had enough! It's time for some Persian course here, so why not do it myself? :))

That being said, hello there! I'm going to do my best to provide some easy and useful Persian lessons for you. If you like what I'm doing here, please upvote, so maybe Duolingo would consider finally adding a Persian course.

I'm not going to have entire lessons dedicated to the alphabet. I'll talk about it alongside the words I'll teach. But it's a good idea to learn the alphabet through the Arabic course and take a look at the tips and notes on how letters are joined together. There are a few additional letters and some pronunciation differences, but it's basically the same thing.

So, let's learn our first Persian words!

مَرد

meaning: man

pronunciation: /mard/

it's written using: م which is called mim and sounds like /m/

َ which is the short /a/ vowel as in apple. Note that the short vowels aren't usually written

then ر which is called re and sounds like /r/

and finally د which is called daal and sounds like /d/


زَن

meaning: woman

pronunciation: /zan/

it's written with ز which is called ze and has a /z/ sound as in zebra

َ which is same as the one in مَرد

and finally ن which is called nun and has a /n/ sound


دُختَر

meaning: girl, daughter

pronunciation: /dokhtar/

it's written with د same as the one in مَرد

ُ which is the short /o/ vowel as in or

then خ which is called khe and has a /kh/ sound and doesn't have an equivalent in English

then ت which is called te has has a /t/ sound

َ same as the one in مَرد and زَن

and finally ر same as the one in مَرد


پِسَر

meaning: boy, son

pronunciation: /pesar/

it's written with پ which is called pe and has a /p/ sound and is one of the letters that you can't find in Arabic

ِ which has a short /e/ sound as in there

then س which is called sin has a /s/ sound

then َ same as the ones in previous words

and ر same as the one in مَرد and دُختَر


Conclusion: now you know all the short vowels in Persian! As well as پ ت خ د ر ز س م ن

Hope I was helpful :)

August 5, 2019

50 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/YourShadowGirl

thank you for your great work :) we certainly need a Persian course on duolingo. the fact that they're ignoring such a beautiful and rich language is so annoying!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Thanks! Yeah I hope we'll see a Persian course on the incubator soon.

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/magali__

Hope so ! Thank you !

August 7, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndresGarner

Awesome! I am looking forward to more of your posts. I am currently not trying to learn Persian, but I would love to learn a few words and phrases.

Thank you!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Aw thanks!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChevyBarnes05

You speak Persian?

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Yup, it's my native language.

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChevyBarnes05

That's awesome! Thanks for making these :D

Have you applied to contribute? There isn't a high chance of being accepted, though it would still be nice to know that someone here on Duo can speak Persian :D

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Of course I have, and I've been informed that many others have as well. It's been years that Persian speakers are volunteering to contribute but Duolingo doesn't respond. That's why I made this, so maybe Duolingo would consider finally making this course.

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Foblin

For reference, you could also mention that خ is pronounced like Spanish J and G(e/i), like Greek χ, like Russian х or like Geman ch in Bach (pronunciation of Bach, here https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Bach#German Click on the audio file)

For those lost with those references, try this other audio file: https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File%3AVoiceless_uvular_fricative.ogg

Hope that helps! :)

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Thank you very much! Here's some lingot( though they're useless!)

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Foblin

lol ممنون‎ :)

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MisterDeutsch

Merci! (Persian thanks not French haha). I have always been able to converse in Farsi, but (hopefully) if Duolingo adds the course I will no longer have an excuse for being unable to read and write in the language.

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheGamingSpheal

I can speak Farsi fluently but I can't write it or read it so I have to use english alphabet xd

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/fremanolas

Great and very interesting. Exactly today I stumbled upon شکلات دوست دارم and found out it was Persian and what it means (and I agree :-)

دُختَر seems to sound very similar to the Dutch word: dochter, am I right? There are probably many more words where the similarities within the language family become visible.

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Yes it's true! Both grammar and some of the vocab are very similar since Persian is an Indo-Europian language.

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Anu304742

Thank you!! I really hope duo will get a Persian course soon. :)

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/potatoagent1

gr8 دستت درست دادا

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

قربون شومو!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheGamingSpheal

salam, chetori, khoobi? Khele kareh aley dari mikoneeh

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Salam! Kheyli Mamnunam! :))

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JeffreyLK

This is going in the following threads ...it might be a bit too hard for me right now but yes an upvote and I'll follow your next post's and see how I go.

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Thank you it means a lot!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NameIsNaeim

افرین به شما!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

خیلی ممنون!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/davidvdb

متشکرم خیلی زیاد !

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

خیلی ممنون!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Foblin

Great! Thanks for the effort! :D

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PeaceForce

For مَرد I think you meant "د ... is called daal and sounds like /[d]/" (romanized letter correction in brackets).

Anyway, thank you for watering a flower in the desert. Whatever the reason(s) for a lack of official support for a Persian course so far, hope is a garden where the heart should lie:

اگر فردوس بر روے زمین است همین است و همین است و همین است

Agar Firdaus bar rōy-e zamin ast, hamin ast-o hamin ast-o hamin ast.

"If there is a paradise on earth, it is here, it is here, it is here."

(Amir Khusrow per Wikipedia)

August 7, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Oops! Thanks for pointing that out. I’ll edit it.

August 7, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nyagret

If Duolingo is indeed refusing to allow a Farsi language offering, that will certainly negatively affect whether I become a Plus member or not. Farsi, plus a reasonably sized script, is a good set of demands.

August 16, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/uphilldweller

زَن is very literal.

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

Sorry I really don't understand what you mean by literal.

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wyqtor
  • 1746

هیلی ممنونم

Just a quick question for you: how often are the 'short vowel diacritics' (I can't really remember how they are called) used in practice? Do newspapers, books use them? For us foreigners, they are quite invaluable when learning how to pronounce words in Farsi!

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

No we don't usually use them at all. Sometimes in translated books they use them to show how a foreign name is pronounced. You see, once you know how a word is pronounced you will remember it. I suggest starting with children's books, they usually have the short vowels written.

August 5, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Younis744636

I'm certainly looking forward to it being an actual course. And I'd like to see Urdu too. I know Urdu and Hindi are almost the same language, but I find it easier to read Arabic script so I'd prefer Urdu myself.

I love cooking Iranian food, and hope to travel there sometime.

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NameIsNaeim

What's your favorite Iranian dish?

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Younis744636

Forgive me, I've forgotten the names. So if i use the wrong names, please forgive me. I like shrin polow and albaluu polow, and when I host big parties I make morasa polow. Ash e anar is delicious. I make khoresh e alu quite often (once a month).

August 7, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

I can't blame you, Ghorme Sabzi is amazing! Hope you'd come over here to Iran soon.

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NameIsNaeim

With tadig!

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheGamingSpheal

khoreshte ghemeh or chelo kebab

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NameIsNaeim

kabob is always the best

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PeaceForce

Interestingly, perhaps, Urdu is said to be the daughter of Persian, while Sanskrit is said to be the mother of Hindi, yet both Indic tongues are sister "dialects," if you will, of Hindustani. For long I wondered, how could all this be? Then what should have been a no-brainer hit me: Persian would be the father of Hindustani/Hindi-Urdu, Sanskrit the mother. Hindi is closer to Maan/Mommy, Urdu to Baba/Daddy, all to which I say, "Jai Des, Kashmir zindabad!"

August 7, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

I think I’ve read that Urdu used to be like a lingua franca in that region for Persian and Hindi speakers( as a form of Hindi with more Persian vocab), kinda like how a creole language would work, but not exactly a creole. So I guess your theory makes perfect sense.

August 7, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PeaceForce

It's a long and complicated history, but yes, Hindustani would indeed be a creole of Persian and Sanskrit-based vernacular(s), with several religious and many regional dialects to muddy waters even more.

August 7, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PeaceForce

Not to be vulgar, but alongside Rumi, Persian cuisine would be a good hook to get English speakers to study Farsi. Whatever the government or regime of a state, food culture is naturally a form of "soft" power of a nation and her people(s) at home and abroad.

August 7, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AlSprings

Dorood on you اکنون که به اینها یاد میدی کوشش کن از زبان پاک استفاده کنی از واژگان اربی کمتر بهره ببر خداییش خیلی طول میکشه تا فکر کنم پارسی بنویسم!

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaericaS

درود! راستش به نظرم عربی جز جدا نشدنی فارسیه. اگه عربی رو کامل حذف کنیم تقریبا هزار سال ادبیاتمون رو حذف کردیم. البته آره سعی می‌کنم تمرکز رو روی کلمه‌های فارسی بذارم ولی خیلی نسبت به عربی هم حساس نیستم.

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lars200

Merci Naericas!

August 6, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xinyi81591

It's so nice of you!!

September 9, 2019
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