"Our girl is learning."
Translation:Unser Mädchen lernt.
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Mädchen is a diminutive and diminutives are neuter. „-chen” is a diminutive suffix; die Magd + chen . Magd‡ is a maiden (young woman) and it gets an umlaut and loses the g. „-lein” is another diminutive suffix as das Fräulein (young woman) Frau + lein. But die Frau ‡Magd is an archaic form.
Because in this sentence "Mädchen" is singular, therefore gets the singular conjugation "lernt". If it were meaning girls I believe it should be "Unsere Mädchen lernen".
Note that the plural of Mädchen doesnt change, you have to determine it from the context of the sentence.
In the nominative case, neuter form has no ending for possessive pronoun. http://german.speak7.com/german_pronouns.htm
Edit: the ending for possessive pronouns are determined based upon placement in a sentence such as subject (nominative), direct object (accusative), indirect object (dative). Hope that helps a little.