Aquel or este

How do you know when to use aquel or este for "that"?

August 10, 2019


That is never "este". You should choose between "ese" or "aquel". It is up to you. The first degree of closeness is "este", then "ese" and then "aquel" but your opinion is relevant.

"Este gato vino de esa casa que está bajo aquella montaña." (This cat came from that house that it is beneath? that mountain). Another speaker could use esa or aquella in both instances of that.

I speak a variety of Spanish that has just "este" and "ese".

August 10, 2019

This cat came from that house which is below yonder mountain.

(yonder is a bit old-fashioned. You might read it in books, but nowadays people generally say "that" for both ese and aquel.)

August 10, 2019

Thank you for your response.

August 11, 2019

Thanks for responding so quickly.

August 11, 2019

este (this)→ when something/someone is close the speaker (close or faraway the listener)

aquel/ aquello/aquella (that)→ when something/ someone is faraway speaker and and listener.


¿Cuánto cuesta este zapato? (How much is this shoe?) →close me

Mira aquel arbol en el final de la calle (look at that tree at the end of the street) [faraway you and me]

aquel arbol → with masculine nouns

aquella automovil →with feminine nouns

August 11, 2019

That -> ese, esa, aquel, aquella This -> este, esta

August 10, 2019

Thanks for your help.

August 11, 2019
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