Unofficial Persian Course 2#: Persian vs. Arabic Alphabet
So, I did more thinking and I figured Duolingo has already made a fun and effective way on how to teach this alphabet. So I decided it’s better to ask you guys to do the Arabic alphabet lessons and just explain the differences between the two alphabets. I think after this you would have no problem reading what I write.
First of all, Persian has simpler pronunciation than Arabic. Let me show you:
The /z/s: ز ظ ض ذ are all pronounced the same way and it’s /z/ as in zebra
The /s/s: س ص ث are all pronounced as /s/ as in snake
The /t/s: ط ت are both pronounced as a soft /t/ as in table
The /h/s: ح ه are both soft /h/ as in hand
The /gh/s: ق غ are both pronounced as /gh/ which there’s no such sound in English unfortunately
The /’/s: ع ئ are both pronounced as a really soft stop. Kinda like the ء in Arabic course( which is shown like /2/) but still softer. I will be showing this sound with /’/
This makes pronouncing words easier than in Arabic, but on the downside, writing would be more confusing since there are so many letters for the same sound! But don’t be intimated, English has weird spellings too! And once you’re familiar with language you’d usually have no problem guessing how a word is written.
There are four additional letters in Persian:
It’s basically a ک with an additional line at the top. It’s called gaaf and has a /g/ sound as in gas
It’s a ب with two more dots. It’s called pe and makes a /p/ sound
It’s a ج with two more dots. It’s called che and makes a /ch/ sound as in child
It’s like a ز with two more dots. It’s called zhe and makes a /zh/ sound as in Bouji( I couldn’t think of any other word!) now you may think it’s similar to how ج is pronounced in Arabic course and it’s true! Instead we pronounce ج like /j/ as in John
There are slight differences in pronouncing the vowels as well:
ِ is pronounced as /e/ as in elf
ُ in pronounced as /o/ as in or
َ in pronounced as /a/ as in apple
Long vowel ا( or آ if it comes at the beginning of a word) is pronounced as /aa/ as in done
Long vowel ی is pronounced as /i/ as in ski
Long vowel و is pronounced as /u/ as in tomb
And finally, و is pronounced like /w/ in Arabic. We don’t have that sound in Persian. Instead we have /v/ and that’s how و is pronounced, as in violet.
P.s: The pronunciation of which I’m talking about is the standard Farsi dialect of Persian, the one spoken in Iran. But there might be slight differences in Dari and Tajik dialects and regional accents.
You can see my first post on Persian here
(/khodaa negah daar/, meaning goodbye, literally meaning may god take care of you)