https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga

[GUIDE] Formatting : Special Characters

The grave key

This is an important key as in Duolingo forums it also allows you to highlight what you write.
i.e. `highlight` becomes highlight

To read more about this, check out : To show your embedded Code (and to highlight)



[GUIDE] Formatting on Duolingo

August 11, 2019

18 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga
Mod
  • 196

Common accents for Latin - in alphabetical order

note: only the codes highlighted in yellow will work, with your "NumLock" key NOT turned on. So heads up people, when using Alt codes you SHOULD turn on your "NumLock" key ;)

Lowercase Uppercase
Alt '#' Desc. Alt '#'
0225 á acute 0193 Á
0224 à grave 0192 À
0226 â circumflex 0194 Â
0227 ã tilde 0195 Ã
0228 ä umlaut 0196 Ä
0231 ç cedilla 0199 Ç
0233 é acute 0201 É
0232 è grave 0200 È
0234 ê circumflex 0202 Ê
0235 ë umlaut 0203 Ë
0237 í acute 0205 Í
0236 ì grave 0204 Ì
0238 î circumflex 0206 Î
0239 ï umlaut 0207 Ï
164 ñ tilde 165 Ñ
0243 ó acute 0211 Ó
0242 ò grave 0210 Ò
0244 ô circumflex 0212 Ô
0245 õ tilde 0213 Õ
0246 ö umlaut 0214 Ö
0154 š caron 0138 Š
0249 ù acute 0218 Ú
0252 ü grave 0217 Ù
0250 ú circumflex 0219 Û
0251 û umlaut 0220 Ü
0253 ý acute 0221 Ý
0255 ÿ umlaut 0159 Ÿ
0158 ž caron 0142 Ž

Common accents for Latin - in type order

Lowercase Uppercase
Alt '#' Desc. Alt '#'
0225 á acute 0193 Á
0233 é acute 0201 É
0237 í acute 0205 Í
0243 ó acute 0211 Ó
0249 ù acute 0218 Ú
0253 ý acute 0221 Ý
0154 š caron 0138 Š
0158 ž caron 0142 Ž
0231 ç cedilla 0199 Ç
0226 â circumflex 0194 Â
0234 ê circumflex 0202 Ê
0238 î circumflex 0206 Î
0244 ô circumflex 0212 Ô
0250 ú circumflex 0219 Û
0224 à grave 0192 À
0232 è grave 0200 È
0236 ì grave 0204 Ì
0242 ò grave 0210 Ò
0252 ü grave 0217 Ù
0227 ã tilde 0195 Ã
164 ñ tilde 165 Ñ
0245 õ tilde 0213 Õ
0228 ä umlaut 0196 Ä
0235 ë umlaut 0203 Ë
0239 ï umlaut 0207 Ï
0246 ö umlaut 0214 Ö
0251 û umlaut 0220 Ü
0255 ÿ umlaut 0159 Ÿ

Note: these are the commonly used English names for these characters. I am amassing a reference of comparison for the names other languages refer to these symbols. Also, keeping my eye out for ones I may have missed. Feel free to tell me of any errors. Roos make errors you see, and they like to have them fixed.

How to use Alt codes ? Check out https://accentcodes.com/

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga
Mod
  • 196

conflict about quotations

  • comma/accents like " ", or angular quotations < >
  • pointing left or right, or in or out,
  • to the top, or the bottom of the line
  • single, or double
  • white space, or no white space between punctuation marks
  • only appearing at the start of a dialogue, and at the end, or at beginning and end of each time someone speaks.

You will find this variation between many languages. i.e. Basel, Switzerland, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Greek, Vietnam, etc.

It is the stuff of heated debate for some.
Below are some of the possible Alt codes, for fuel for the fire about quotes.

# Alt frequency type position
Alt+0132 double comma low
Alt+0147 double comma high
Alt+0130 single comma low
Alt+0145 single comma high
Alt+0147 double comma high
Alt+0148 double comma high
Alt+0145 single comma high
Alt+0146 single comma high
» Alt+0187 double arrow in line
« Alt+0171 double arrow in line
Alt+0155 single arrow in line
Alt+0139 single arrow in line

draft:

language Symbol Quotation Mark*² «» name " name
English " " quotation mark guillemets quote
German » « guillemet Gänsefüßchen
French « » guillemet
Italian « » caporali
Arabic “ ” :
Spanish " "

I apologize that this table is currently not filled out. Please feel free to comment and assist in filling it in.

In Spanish (« » ) are sometimes used, and often known as chevrons or guillemets or comillas franceses or comillas angulares. In general, they are used much more in Spain than in Latin America

History:

Originally introduced by Guillaume le Bé (1525–1598), French printer and punchcutter, they are a form for marking up quotations, and so more commonly seen in printing. With the advent of the use of common computer in the '80's their use is diminishing in several languages.

see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quotation_mark , and also the Related articles there for Punctuation, etc. It is fascinating reading.

https://french.yabla.com/lesson-Punctuation-in-French-390
https://blogs.transparent.com/arabic/punctuation-in-arabic/
https://www.thoughtco.com/fra-virgolette-italian-quotation-marks-2011397
https://www.thoughtco.com/angular-quotation-marks-spanish-3080291

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/W-Ruggles-Wolfe

By any chance, you you know of a better solution for typing non-separable spaces in the DL forums than the &nbsp code?

A question I posted here (FYI, I'm on a Mac): https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/33553943

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dlhgl

I answered here about the "French" non-breaking spaces.

I don't have a Mac so I don't know if there is an easier way to type these characters, but maybe you can define shortcuts for it?

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/W-Ruggles-Wolfe

Thank you a second time.

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga
Mod
  • 196

WOW - a great question.
Currently I do not have an answer for this. Hopefully someone will reply with more detail.
I will also keep my ear to the ground, and if I find out things will respond.

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/W-Ruggles-Wolfe

Tnx. If you ever get the chance to talk to the FB devs - I'd love to know why the Mac's ⌥ Opt+Space is ignored in the forums.

FWIW - Facebook's browser based-UI also does a very strange thing w/⌥ Opt+Space. Rather than accepting it as a "normal" space - it moves the cursor to the beginning of the paragraph!

(Ah, the joys of programming!)

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jzsuzsi

I add the Hungarian way for writing quotation marks: one down, and one up

„Jót s jól! Ebben áll a nagy titok” – figyelmezteti Kazinczy költőtársait.

source: https://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Id%C3%A9z%C5%91jel

August 12, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga
Mod
  • 196

Superscript and subscript numbers

These are useful to have access to when referencing things in a post.
Also, don't forget to turn on your "NumLock" when entering Alt keys ;P

# Alt codes
¹ 7419 ; 0185
² 7421 ; 253 ; 0178
³ 7420 ; 0179

Other than using word processes such as Google documents or Open office, etc., you could use things like :

Here also is the output for numbers, that you can also copy and paste from here:

| ⁰ ¹ ² ³ ⁴ ⁵ ⁶ ⁷ ⁸ ⁹
| ₀ ₁ ₂ ₃ ₄ ₅ ₆ ₇ ₈ ₉

How to use Alt codes ? Check out https://accentcodes.com/

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga
Mod
  • 196

Currency Alt codes

symbol code Description
¤ Alt+0164 Currency
¢ Alt+155 Cent
$ Alt+36 Dollar Sign
Alt+0128 Euro
ƒ Alt+159 Fank / Gulder
Alt+158 Peseta
£ Alt+156 Pound
¥ Alt+157 Yen
August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dogomolo

Draw your character:

image.png

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga
Mod
  • 196

ohhhh - GREAT :D

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChevyBarnes05

How do I actually use these? I don't understand those codes, sorry :/

August 12, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga
Mod
  • 196

Have you read the articles:

After reading them, would you, and/or someone else, like to have a go at explaining how to use "alt" codes ?

August 12, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaisyRose2

Thanks for this! I've needed accents for a while, and now I know how to do them. :)

August 12, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga
Mod
  • 196

Have you also checked out Keyboards

Since learning about the International Keyboard, this is the one I use.

August 12, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/toggitang4

August 11, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/z5Vuh5se

I know this post is about the forums but I do this for the lessons. I am on Ubuntu and use the right Alt key (Alt Gr) to get the accents for Portuguese.
Alt Gr + ; + a --> á
Alt Gr + ' + a --> â
Alt Gr + # + a --> à
Alt Gr + ] + a --> ã
Alt Gr + = + c --> ç
You have to hold the Alt Gr key while hitting the other key, then you release and type the vowel.

August 12, 2019
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