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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielVanD18

What is -an skill in Indonesian course?

I don’t know what it is. All the words with -an seem normal, nothing grammatically unusual about them. (I’d be grateful if Rick39236 came along and helped me as usual :). )

Thanks for any answers, I’d appreciate them, DanielvanD18
August 13, 2019

13 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/davidvdb

The -an suffix is used to derive nouns from verbs/adjectives. Have a look at this discussion. :) https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/28609233


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielVanD18

Ok thanks! So without the -an it would be (for example) run -the verb- and with it it’d be a run —the noun?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielVanD18

Ok, I finally get it!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BambangPra11

in case of "lari" (run) no.

Lari/berlari: to run

Berlarian: to run in random directions


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lockers001

Yes, -an is rarely added to ber- verbs. Larian = runway ... still a noun, but not the noun version of run.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielVanD18

How do I say ‘a run’, the noun?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lockers001

Lari is a verb and noun.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BambangPra11

Correct.

Lari pagi = morning run Lari marathon = marathon run


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BambangPra11

"Larian" does not have any meaning, it is never used in Indonesian language...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lockers001

-an usually adds to a verb or adjective to form a noun. Makan+an = food. When added to a noun the result is usually another noun related to the first. Murah becomes murahan ... cheap becomes low quality. -an can also be added to duplicated words; however, I would just focus on the other two uses a TV his stage.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielVanD18

Is there a way to figure out the base word? Or do I just have to know more vocabulary?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lockers001

Base words will slowly become familiar and there are patterns to the affixes; however some words will look like a bad word with an affix but turn out to be a regular word. E.g kat = paint; but berkat = blessing.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielVanD18

Thanks, I suppose I will just spend more time learning more words. I’m going well, can’t wait to be very good!

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