https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Christophe472472

Sut dych chi / Sut ydych chi?

I spoke a little Welsh as a child and have been working through the English to Welsh course. I recall that we would say "Sut ydych chi", where as the course uses "Sut dych chi". Could any one explain the difference?

August 16, 2019

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sandrabeach27

Another comment on the forum explained it "sut ydych chi" as a written form while "sut dych chi" is more spoken form: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/13181293/Sut-dych-chi-Megan

I am not native nor an expert, though, so I hope a moderator/fluent speaker replies to this.

August 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Simon73073

I've just reached the lesson on Present 3 which introduces a table of the forms of "bod". That shows "Dych chi" and "Ydych chi" as both acceptable forms.

It describes the former as "the basic spoken form taught on this course" and the latter as one fo the "fuller forms" which "are sometimes taught in schools, and are used in the media, too."

The fuller forms for "dw i" and "dych chi" change between positive, negative and question sentences, unlike the basic forms - which I'm guessing is one reason why they start us off on the more basic forms!

I'm not a native speaker either, however, nor an expert, so I'm just relaying what I've read in the course notes a bit further on!

August 23, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Christophe472472

My school lessons were 50 years ago, so perhaps that's why I remember the "Ydych chi".

August 23, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Moira582602

The "ydych" form is a more literary form, as you would see in older texts. The modern spoken form is "dych"

Hope that is helpful.

August 23, 2019
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