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If you have an arabic teacher who doesn't know arabic very well - This teacher will tell you that ((al-moDaari3)) is the present tense - this is not true - ((al-moDaari3)) is not the present tense - it is not a tense at all - ((al-moDaari3)) is a form - this form is used to express the present - to express the past - to express the future - after (an) - after the negation words (lam - laa - lan)

al-moDaari3 in the present :

in the present simple and the present continuous we use al-modaari3 as it is (this why people mix al-moDaari3 and the present)

aktobo (I write - I am writing) - taktobo (you write - you are writing ) - taktobiina (you write - you are writing ) - etc.

al-moDaari3 in the past :

to form the past continuous - use the auxiliary verb ((kana)) conjugated in the past plus the pricipal verb conjugated in al-moDaari3

konto aktobo (I was writing) - konta taktobo ( you were writing) - konti taktobiina ( you were writing) - etc.

to form the future simple - use ((sa)) as a prefix and al-moDaari3

sa-aktobo (I will write) - sa-taktobo (you will write) - sa-taktobiina (you will write) - etc.

after (an) :

the present simple : oriido an aktoba (I want to write) - etc.

notice that both oriido and aktoba are conjugated in al-moDarii3

the past simple : ardto an aktoba (I wanted to write) - konto oriido an aktoba (I wanted to write)

the future simple : sa-oriido an aktoba (I will want to write) - etc.

the negative past simple : lam aktob (I didn't write) - etc.

the negative past continuous : lam akon aktob (I wasn't writing) - etc.

the negative present simple and continuous : laa aktobo ( I don't write - I am not writing)

the negative imperatve : laa tal3ab

the negative future simple : lan aktoba (I will not write) - etc.

notice that the latest vowel of the verb after ((an - lam - laa - lan)) has changed

(I'll make a speacial post about this)

August 17, 2019



thanks this helped me learn a lot you get a lingot

August 17, 2019


This is very helpful and clear in explanation of the different Arabic tenses. Though personally I find it a bit tricky with just the phonetic sounds without sighting it with the Arabic letters and script Great job and keep up the great posts!

August 17, 2019


Thanks for the help

August 17, 2019
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