LEARN ARABIC WITH JAWAD - al-moDaari3
If you have an arabic teacher who doesn't know arabic very well - This teacher will tell you that ((al-moDaari3)) is the present tense - this is not true - ((al-moDaari3)) is not the present tense - it is not a tense at all - ((al-moDaari3)) is a form - this form is used to express the present - to express the past - to express the future - after (an) - after the negation words (lam - laa - lan)
al-moDaari3 in the present :
in the present simple and the present continuous we use al-modaari3 as it is (this why people mix al-moDaari3 and the present)
aktobo (I write - I am writing) - taktobo (you write - you are writing ) - taktobiina (you write - you are writing ) - etc.
al-moDaari3 in the past :
to form the past continuous - use the auxiliary verb ((kana)) conjugated in the past plus the pricipal verb conjugated in al-moDaari3
konto aktobo (I was writing) - konta taktobo ( you were writing) - konti taktobiina ( you were writing) - etc.
to form the future simple - use ((sa)) as a prefix and al-moDaari3
sa-aktobo (I will write) - sa-taktobo (you will write) - sa-taktobiina (you will write) - etc.
after (an) :
the present simple : oriido an aktoba (I want to write) - etc.
notice that both oriido and aktoba are conjugated in al-moDarii3
the past simple : ardto an aktoba (I wanted to write) - konto oriido an aktoba (I wanted to write)
the future simple : sa-oriido an aktoba (I will want to write) - etc.
the negative past simple : lam aktob (I didn't write) - etc.
the negative past continuous : lam akon aktob (I wasn't writing) - etc.
the negative present simple and continuous : laa aktobo ( I don't write - I am not writing)
the negative imperatve : laa tal3ab
the negative future simple : lan aktoba (I will not write) - etc.
notice that the latest vowel of the verb after ((an - lam - laa - lan)) has changed
(I'll make a speacial post about this)
This is very helpful and clear in explanation of the different Arabic tenses. Though personally I find it a bit tricky with just the phonetic sounds without sighting it with the Arabic letters and script Great job and keep up the great posts!