Struggles in Swedish
I'm not sure for exactly how long I've been stuck on possessives, but i know its been awhile. I don't like to continue in my Swedish studies until I finish a full lesson 100%, but I'm really losing my motivation to continue because of this. I take notes by writing down what a word is, means, and how to use it in a sentence, but some words mean the same thing and I always get confused. I'm looking for any advice on how to help me memorize and to keep up my motivation. Many thanks!
I remember possessives being difficult for me too, truck through it if you have the motivation. I'm assuming you read the notes for that particular lesson already, but all I can say is practice, practice, practice! Watch youtube videos on the topic (https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=swedish+possessives) and even use the duolingo tinycards to quiz yourself! Good luck on your learning journey and don't worry, you're not alone in this!
I also hope you found the notes for that lesson at least, to help you. If you haven't looked at those, go and have a look on the website, as the Swedish notes can't be seen on the app.
I went and had a look at the possessive lesson notes and did a lesson too to see what it contained. The notes explain the different pronouns, but maybe an example can also help, so here goes.
You need to know if your word is en or ett, to know the correct form of the pronoun. So we have for example:
en stol = a chair
ett bord = a table
my chair = min stol, my table = mitt bord
and plural: my chairs = mina stolar, my tables = mina bord (plural at least only has one form)
I saw an exercise also with something like, "the sandwich is mine". There you would have for chair and table, the chair = stolen, the table = bordet.
The chair is mine = Stolen är min.
The table is mine = Bordet är mitt.
In those the pronoun is the same as with "my" and doesn't change for "mine". But if you see something were you have a word ending with -en, and have to fill in "mine" at the end, you will know it must be "min", as you know it must be an en-word.
For your, you have: din stol, ditt bord, and plural dina stolar och dina bord
His: hans stol, hans bord, hans stolar/bord
Her: hennes stol, hennes bord, hennes stolar/bord
its (both for den and det): dess stol, dess bord, dess stolar/bord
Our: vår stol, vårt bord, våra stolar/bord
Your (plural): er stol, ert bord, era stolar/bord
Their: deras stol, deras bord, deras stolar/bord
And then they also introduce sin/sitt/sina, which could be described as his own or her own. I think they have quite a good example in the notes, but with chair and table it is: sin stol, sitt bord, sina stolar/bord
I don't know if that clarifies it at all more, or if it was too much the same as in the notes, but at least if you didn't know the words for table and chair, you know them now.
Edit: tried to fix the formatting to more readable
Swedish seems relatively easy to start with, but is in fact as difficult as any language. You can expect to have trouble. Probably you are not having trouble with words like hans and hennes, but with the distinction between such words as min, mitt, and mina. As these follow the gender and number distinctions, try going back over the use of articles and think about the transfer between articles and possessives. It also might help to go forward to the next lessons and then come back and review. Sometimes skills improve with later lessons, so that what seems difficult gets easier when you go back to it. In any case, do not lose courage. Swedish is a wonderful language to learn, but like all languages is really challenging. You are obviously a serious student and deserve more than a pat on the back.
For something that's giving plenty of trouble, basically memorize the sentences. Write down, longhand, the sentences you get wrong. Analyze them to determine (if you can) the errors you made in them. (Does the possessives info in this quite old primer help? If not, look for something more up to date.) Practice the skill over and over again (or at least once a day for a while) on your duome page: do the untimed practice (dumbbell icon on the skill's line) until you're getting everything correct, then do the timed practice, which you must purchase at the "lingot store," if you haven't already, until you're getting all the way through the run-throughs with relative ease. Hopefully, Duolingo supplies enough sentences that your mind will make the right assumptions from constantly observing grammatical sentences and you'll learn possessives.