First of all, salve itself is the imperative form of the verb 'salvere' - to be well. So it follows the rules for an imperative form, which means that 'salve' is said to a single person, while 'salvete' is said to two or more. The same goes for the farewell, 'vale' - 'vale' is for the singular, and 'valete' is for two or more. :)
Volgav vitsenanieff nivya kevach varatsach.
Yes, in classical Latin v is w. Some other differences you may see is that "c" is always 'hard' like 'k' and "g" is always a hard g sound.
Yes, there are several different ones. This classical pronunciation reconstruction seems fairly new, and honestly, it makes me cringe. (But then that's not how I learned it. And even though I pretty much forgot everything the pronunciation stuck.)
This page has some Audio examples towards the bottom. https://www.omniglot.com/writing/latin2.htm
Yes, two other common ones are ecclesiastic and English. Cicero is a good case study (with C) Classical: kikero Ecclesiastical: chichero English: sisero
I find it odd that people would think the V is pronounced as an English W. Non of the Latin derived languages ever do that. It makes me cringe when someone says salve like an American :D
If Marcus changes to Marce why does Livia not change? Also is Corinna changed ?
I don't understand any of this. Where can I learn what all those grammatical terms mean?
This is a poorly made question. Not the content, they way you have to answer it. I missed punctuation, and then spelled a name by a different variation by accident. Three times it was marked wrong, till i got it exactly right.