Latin line of the day
Hi everybody! I know everyone is excited about the new Latin course. It is very important when learning Latin (or any ancient language) to practice reading some works from that time. So, I wanted to post a line from the Aeneid, the greatest work of Latin literature. It tells the story of how Trojan exiles led by Aeneas founded Rome This is from Book 9, line 77. Quis deus, O musae, tam saeva incendia teucris avertit?
Broken down, it means: What god (quis deus, nominative singular) O muse (O musae, vocative; he is talking to the muse) turned away ( avertit, past tense; we get the English word aversion from this word) such brutal flames (tam saeva incendia, plural accusative form for direct object) tam is undeclinable and means such saeva is and adjective that means brutal; we get savage from this word incendia is a noun meaning flames; it has many derivatives in English from the Trojans (teucris, ablative plural; Teucer was the ancestor of the Trojans)
So the full translation is: What god, O muse, turned away such brutal flames from the Trojans?
Have fun learning Latin!
Habeatis bonam fortunam.
As a complete beginner, I thank you for the very interesting breakdown of the sentence. Please have a lingot! :)
Awesome! Really great that you point out English derivatives, that is a good way to learn Latin vocab.
- O musae would mean 'o muses' (vocative plural, identical with the nominative). He uses the singular vocative in 1.8: Mūsa, mihī causās memorā ...
very cool do you study Roman mythology/history? I'm pretty into that two but I only have the Iliad and the Odyssey from Greek mythology and need to read the Aeneid.