How is Hindi as a language?
Hey Hindi gang, this is my second day here, and I have a quick question about the language.
Romance languages and Germanic languages, I've noticed, are a little bit of grammar, and then you load up on the vocabulary.
Slavic languages, on the contrary, are much more grammar based, and it takes forever to get to the vocab.
So with Hindi, which of these is it? Is there some crazy grammar with Hindi, or a case system? How is the language itself?
Hindi language is the member of the Indo-Aryan group within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Sanskrit and the Prakrit and Apabhramsha languages—the precursors of Hindi—are nominally and verbally inflected. In the nominal realm, the adjective agrees in number and gender with the noun that it qualifies. This is less the case for Hindi because it was greatly influenced by Persian, in which the adjective does not change as a result of a number change in the noun. Instead, Hindi indicates number agreement via postpositions—small words that appear after nouns and function much like English prepositions. Hindi has also reduced the number of genders to two (masculine and feminine). Persian influence also caused the Hindi system of case marking to become simpler, reducing it to a direct form and an oblique form.
Hindi has borrowed many Persian and Arabic words. Contact with the English language has also enriched Hindi. Many English words, such as button, pencil, petrol, and college are fully assimilated in the Hindi lexicon.
Although Hindi pronunciation can be difficult for native English speakers because it requires a more flexible tongue and many of the differences between words are so subtle it is way too easy for a new learner to stick their foot in their mouth by saying the wrong thing! And another feature that can throw English speakers off is that Hindi is an SOV (subject, object, verb) language as opposed to English’s SVO way of speaking. It can take a lot of getting used to learning to say: ‘I the ball picked up’ as opposed to ‘I picked up the ball.’
But inspite of that it isn't impossible to learn it. Hindi has incorporated numerous English words into the language over time. In modern India, your average middle-class person can usually speak English (although most still prefer Hindi) and there’s a tendency to mix a little English into a lot of conversations. What’s great about this is that it makes comprehension a much easier task when you’re trying to learn Hindi. If you develop a solid beginner’s lexicon of Hindi words, you’ll be able to understand what people are saying, or at least the context, by using what you know in Hindi and paying attention to the English words they’re using. Of course, when it comes to speaking you may not have such an easy time, but as with any language the more practice you put in, the easier the process gets.
About Hindi language I have already mentioned the pros in the last paragraph of my previous comment. Now coming to Russian it is not hard at all. Its a language with syntax and which follow rules of grammar unlike English, Russian has less rules and even lesser exceptions.
Just get a hang of grammar then it will be like a child's play and you'll enjoy.
But for an English speaker both Hindi & Russian will take same amount of time to learn.
It's very different to SAE languages. The people who managed to place it as related to the European languages were geniuses!
There's a comparison of difficulty of different languages chart that puts Hindi as about equivalent in difficulty to Russian, but about twice as hard as Spanish, French and German (even though it isn't on the chart I'd put it in the 'easy' category).
I haven't come across grammar that's too crazy yet, but the Duolingo tree is quite short - I haven't seen any sign of subordinate clauses (nor do I have any idea how you would construct them) and I'm almost at the end of the course.
Nah, I'm not doing it that seriously though. I'm not using any other resources - just doing a little Duolingo each day before work. I don't think I could maintain much of a conversation (but I've never tried), as I said the current course is really quite short. I can write a little but I struggle. I was at an Indian restaurant a month ago and they had a page in Hindi on the menu and I was surprised by how much I could pick out though!
Hello ! Hindi is like a european language, a bit like german for the construction with the verb at the end. The language can be learn quickly, but for my part I don't find the grammar too difficult. On the same level than spanich. Some constructions are different minded than my own language, but that's it.
Have fun ! And watch tons of films, it does help !