Latin Lesson 1: The Five Cases
So, I have been studying Latin for years, and have decided to make these lessons. I might make 5, I might make 10, I might make 50. It depends on how it goes and how it fits into my schedule. Here we go!
Like English, Latin has different endings for the singular and plural of things. For example: In English we say "cat" for the singular, and "cats" for the plural. Same thing in Latin, except Latin doesn't add an "s". It has something else (will be explained in future lesson(s)!).
Unlike English, Latin has a different ending for every case, or noun job. These endings will be explained in future lessons. The subject, the possessive, the indirect object, the direct object, and the object of the preposition are the five cases in Latin.
Latin has different names for these cases (Subject, Possessive, Indirect Object, Direct Object, Object of the Preposition) - Latin calls them different things! Here is what we call them as we are learning Latin:
Subject: We call this the "Nominative" case.
Possessive: We call this the "Genitive" case.
Indirect Object: This is known as the "Dative" case.
Direct Object: This is the "Accusative" case.
Object of the Preposition: This is the Ablative case.
Any questions can be asked in the comments.
Down here I'll give you the link to the next lesson.
EDIT: As pentaan showed me, there are other lessons that may help you that can be found here. I won't make any more lessons.
nouns can also be in ablative case without a preposition
Nouns in the ablative case don't always have a preposition showing, but they always have a preposition in the English translation.
not at all all prepositions require an ablative noun.
That's true. Some prepositions do require an accusative noun.
Nominative (Subject): the dog
Example: The dog walked to the tree.
Genitive (Possessive): the dog's or of the dog
Example: The dog's ball is in the tree.
Dative (Indirect Object): to or for the dog.
Example: I gave food to the dog.
Accusative (Direct Object): the dog
Example: I walk my dog.
Ablative (Object of the Preposition): by, with, from the dog. Just to clarify, the ablative case can go with more than "by, with", and "from". These are the three examples that can be implied with no preposition.
Example: The bug landed on the dog.