Latin Lesson 1: The Five Cases

So, I have been studying Latin for years, and have decided to make these lessons. I might make 5, I might make 10, I might make 50. It depends on how it goes and how it fits into my schedule. Here we go!

Like English, Latin has different endings for the singular and plural of things. For example: In English we say "cat" for the singular, and "cats" for the plural. Same thing in Latin, except Latin doesn't add an "s". It has something else (will be explained in future lesson(s)!).

Unlike English, Latin has a different ending for every case, or noun job. These endings will be explained in future lessons. The subject, the possessive, the indirect object, the direct object, and the object of the preposition are the five cases in Latin.

Latin has different names for these cases (Subject, Possessive, Indirect Object, Direct Object, Object of the Preposition) - Latin calls them different things! Here is what we call them as we are learning Latin:

Subject: We call this the "Nominative" case.

Possessive: We call this the "Genitive" case.

Indirect Object: This is known as the "Dative" case.

Direct Object: This is the "Accusative" case.

Object of the Preposition: This is the Ablative case.

Any questions can be asked in the comments.

Down here I'll give you the link to the next lesson.

EDIT: As pentaan showed me, there are other lessons that may help you that can be found here. I won't make any more lessons.

August 28, 2019


Six cases. Vocative. And sometimes sort of a seventh. Locative.

August 28, 2019

Yes, you are correct. This course was meant for new(ish) people though, so I wasn't planning on going to that yet.

August 28, 2019

There is another Latin course made by a Duolingo user.
It was recently moved from Duolingo to Wikiversity

August 28, 2019

Thanks for telling me! I'll edit this into my post, and because that explains the majority of what I was going to explain, I'll stop making these.

August 28, 2019

I find it a bit misleading to call nouns in the ablative "the object of the preposition" since nouns can also be in ablative case without a preposition and not at all all prepositions require an ablative noun.

August 28, 2019

nouns can also be in ablative case without a preposition

Nouns in the ablative case don't always have a preposition showing, but they always have a preposition in the English translation.

not at all all prepositions require an ablative noun.

That's true. Some prepositions do require an accusative noun.

August 28, 2019

I find the differences between all five cases confusing to me. Is it possible to include an example of each case to show exactly what these mean. The only one that I think I get off the bat is Possessive.

August 28, 2019


Nominative (Subject): the dog

Example: The dog walked to the tree.

Genitive (Possessive): the dog's or of the dog

Example: The dog's ball is in the tree.

Dative (Indirect Object): to or for the dog.

Example: I gave food to the dog.

Accusative (Direct Object): the dog

Example: I walk my dog.

Ablative (Object of the Preposition): by, with, from the dog. Just to clarify, the ablative case can go with more than "by, with", and "from". These are the three examples that can be implied with no preposition.

Example: The bug landed on the dog.

August 28, 2019

thank you Magister Flumen91

August 28, 2019

Gratias tibi valde.

August 28, 2019

Thanks for the lesson! :)

August 28, 2019
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